By Stephen Chan

The booklet strains the top of hostilities and the usually acrimonious, occasionally naive, yet continually laboured negotiations in the direction of peace and elections in Mozambique. there's cautious exam of the numerous overseas elements concerned from the covert intervention of South Africa, the response of 1 African country, the position of the United international locations and that of humanitarian and non secular teams. the teachings for clash answer and peacekeeping for Africa and past are discussed.

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Translated via Charlotte Mandell

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We had two logics going different ways. We had to use both formal and informal, technical and less technical instruments. It is hard to tell between a negotiating technique and the rest. There was a mix, and I learnt that I had to join technique with intuition, patience, with the need to put the parties together and make them understand and digest, to make them understand what they really wanted, to find right answers to something that sometimes was not clear, not even to them apart from general exigencies.

In fact, RENAMO must have been the only so-called anti-communist guerrilla force which Washington did not actively sponsor. South Africa, too, was under pressure to sign Nkomati. Following the onset of Pretoria's regional destabilisation in the early 1980s, international pressure on South Africa began to increase. Chester Crocker's redefined agenda for southern Africa in 1982 also increased American pressure on Pretoria. As far as the region was concerned, Washington recognised that the Republic of South Africa was the greatest factor providing insecurity and destabilisation.

Scarce food made it necessary to increase the level of taxation, if not outright coercion, on the population, yet this risked losing the guerrillas what support amongst the population they could muster. Increased unhappiness with the guerrillas would also only serve to accentuate the trend of migration away from the rebel areas, which in most cases meant into government-controlled camps or zones. Another problem for the guerrillas was the effect of the drought on the organisation's military capabilities.

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