By J M Forbes

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Example text

The three lines represent different batches of animals (from de Haer and Merks, 1992). at night. The two daylight feeding peaks may be coincidental with the entrance of the stockperson into the animal house or may be the preferred feeding times of the pigs. Cattle A high level of feeding activity is usually observed after fresh food is offered. A smaller peak often occurs before sunset and another just after midnight. Data from individual young bulls fed from automatically recording feeders showed that the sunset peak moved according to the time of year and that the nighttime quiet period was longer in winter (Stricklin, 1988).

Pigs also show increased tail biting when the diet is deficient in salt or protein. This is probably a general increase in oral activity rather than a specific alleviation of the nutrient deficiency, as the little blood obtained would not significantly improve their salt or protein status (Fraser and Broom, 1997). Stereotypies by pigs are increased by low levels of feeding, leading to persistent feeding motivation. , 1993). Sows often eat dead piglets but occasionally a sow may attack, kill and eat a piglet.

12) were about four times higher than postprandial correlations. e. feeding behaviour is flexible but, the longer the time over which meals are summed, the more stable and predictable is intake. Therefore, detailed studies of feeding behaviour are of little direct help in improving our understanding of what physiological mechanisms underlie the control of voluntary food intake on a longer timescale. Description of Feeding Behaviour and its Development In this chapter we do not describe in detail the many and various methods animals use to harvest food.

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