By Caroline O. N. Moser, Cathy McIlwaine
In 1996, the govt of Guatemala and the guerrilla military referred to as the Guatemalan nationwide innovative cohesion (URNG), signed the ultimate Peace Accords finishing either the United countries monitored peace technique and 36 years of inner clash. This civil struggle brought on untold inner and exterior displacement within the quarter in addition to the deaths of over 150,000 humans, nearly all of whom have been from indigenous teams. The legacy of this clash which include expanding city violence, social exclusion, and susceptible degrees of social capital, offers demanding situations for the country's post-conflict peace-building time table. Violence in a Post-Conflict Context addresses the perceptions of violence by means of the folks dwelling in terrible groups in Guatemala. It presents the result of a participatory research of violence carried out in city low-income groups. The booklet identifies the types of violence affecting negative groups, the prices of alternative forms of violence, the consequences of violence on social capital, the interventions hired by way of humans to accommodate the violence, and the motives and results of social exclusion. Violence in a Post-Conflict Context contains the hardly heard voices of the negative by utilizing the participatory appraisal technique which emphasizes neighborhood wisdom and permits locals to make their very own research of the issues that they face and determine their very own recommendations.
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Extra resources for Violence in a Post-Conflict Context: Urban Poor Perceptions from Guatemala (Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction)
For instance, the REMHI report (ODHAG 1998) and the report of the Historical Clarification Commission (CEH 1999) verified the complete destruction of 440 indigenous villages during the 1980s. Furthermore, the CEH (1999) stated unequivocally that the violence to which the indigenous population was subjected represented genocide. In the post-conflict context of the study, political violence was still affecting the indigenous population. For instance, in Gucumatz, Santa Cruz del Quiché, one indigenous woman commented: “Without doubt some political violence is the most serious problem that affects Santa Cruz del Quiché.
5 of La Merced, Guatemala City. This shows how different gangs are linked with particular spaces and territories within the community, which in turn, are co-opted and become associated with violence and danger. 5 Map of dangerous areas in La Merced, Guatemala City (drawn by a group of young male gang members aged 12–22) Baskete ball court Sector D3 Sector C2 Sector C Sector B Gangs who defend The meeting ng po point themselves of gang - ‘L Loss 18’ Tower Sector A Marijuana (defended)) Sector B Thieves e Gang Picapiedras’ Football field Cocaine Sector D2 Gang ’Mondes’ School D2 Women’s Center Secure Dangerous Insecure at night Football field Insecure in the day Drunks Notes 1.
Other than rural communities where widespread massacres took place during the conflict, people reported that they suffered more violence than they had during the worst years of the war. In Santa Cruz del Quiché a group of young indigenous people (aged 14, 15, and 26) discussed changes in violence linked with the maras. In 1990, they said there were no maras because of the army and guerrilla, but since the Peace Accords some ex-military personnel have joined maras. Another group of two men and five women (aged between 25–35, all ladinos except one indigenous woman) in Santa Cruz del Quiché discussed the changes in violence.