By Maria Georgopoulou

This booklet examines the structure and urbanism within the Venetian colonies of the japanese Mediterranean and the way their outfitted environments exhibit the shut cultural ties with either Venice and Byzantium. utilizing the island of Crete and its capital urban, Candia (modern Herakleion) as a case learn, Maria Georgopoulou exposes the dynamic dating that existed among colonizer and colony. Georgopoulou demonstrates how the Venetian colonists manipulated Crete's earlier heritage with the intention to aid and bonafide colonial rule, rather during the appropriation of older Byzantine traditions in civic and non secular ceremonies.

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Indeed, the newly established wing of the Historical Museum of Herakleion focuses on the topography and archaeology of medieval Candia and invites a fresh, comprehensive look at this material. In contrast to this largely uncharted material, the prolonged rule of Venice over most of its colonies in the Oltremare and the Terraferma (mainland Italy) has resulted in impressive sixteenth-century fortifications that overshadow all other parts of the city and figure prominently in surveys of fortifications and Mediterranean urbanism.

The cultivators of the land, who were assigned to specific fiefs, remained the same, with similar responsibilities and privileges under the new regimes In other words, the so-called feudal system instituted by the Vene43 44 CONSTRUCTING AN EMPIRE tians was not a totally foreign concept in the administration of Byzantine Crete. Nonetheless, the arrival of the new Venetian feudatories had a significant impact on the local archontes, the old Byzantine aristocracy, who lost their landed property, their urban residences, and their political clout.

67 59? * 52 * 87 72+ 73* + Orthodox Churches * Catholic Churches Old churches rebuilt ? Uncertain identification FIGURE 21. ''' These specific arrangements of the urban quarters suggest that there was more than one city on the island and that the existing cities of Crete had been well equipped before the arrival of the Venetians. A Venetian rector who was elected by the Senate in Venice and served under the duke in Candia governed each city and its territory assisted by two counselors. The increasingly important role of the urban centers for the dominion of the Venetians is apparent in the new administrative division of Crete in the fourteenth century.

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