By Bruce Herrick, Barclay Hudson (auth.)

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The figures, while not strictly comparable with the rates of net migration cited in the Chackiel study, nevertheless reinforce the notion of an absence of acceleration in the rates of urban migration to the San Jose Metropolitan Area. MIGRATION AND URBAN POVERTY Tabulations from the 1973 census related urban migration to San Jose and the situations of the migrants in two kinds of city 34 Urban poverty and economic development neighbourhoods (tugurios and non-tugurios). For our purposes, 'migrants' were those San Jose residents who had moved to the capital during the five-year period preceding the census.

Formal educational attainments Educational attainment presented by far the most puzzling results from the census tabulations. Normally, educational attainment is considered as an embodiment of human capital. Persons with a greater number of years of education, according to this interpretation, would be the bearers of more human capital, would therefore be more productive, and would earn higher incomes than persons who had spent less time in schools. 6, seem to contradict this 'norm'. It was earlier established that non-migrants have slightly higher incomes than migrants.

Finally, it explores policy alternatives in general that link employment and poverty. A set of twenty tables providing considerable detail is appended to the chapter and is cited throughout. EVOLUTION OF EMPLOYMENT IN COSTA RICA, 1963-76 Economy-wide changes in employment Local labour markets and individual welfare are closely associated with economy-wide changes in employment. A comparison of employment growth shows a somewhat larger increase during the period 1973-6 than in the earlier intercensal years 1963-73.

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