By Jessica L. Tracy, Richard W. Robins, June Price Tangney

Timely and authoritative, this quantity studies the breadth of present wisdom at the self-conscious feelings and their function in mental and social functioning. best investigators technique the topic from a number of degrees of study, starting from simple mind mechanisms to advanced social approaches. Chapters current compelling advances in examine at the such a lot basic self-conscious feelings: embarrassment, guilt, humiliation, satisfaction, and disgrace. Addressed are neural and evolutionary mechanisms, developmental procedures, cultural modifications and similarities, and impacts on a big selection of social behaviors and character methods. a special bankruptcy on evaluate describes and evaluates the total variety of obtainable measures.

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Is It Something about Who I Am? Besides locus, three other causal attributions are important for the elicitation of selfconscious emotions, and especially for differentiating among self-conscious emotions. These attributions concern the stability, controllability, and globality of causes. , 1982; Weiner & Kukla, 1970). Although theoretically independent, controllability and stability are highly correlated; stable causes are more likely to be global and uncontrollable, and unstable causes are more likely to be specific and controllable (Peterson, 1991).

Markus, H. , & Matsumoto, H. (1995). Culture, self, and emotion: A cultural perspective on “self-conscious” emotions. In J. P. Tangney & K. W. ), Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride (pp. 439–464). New York: Guilford Press. Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press. LeDoux, J. E. (1996). The emotional brain: The mysterious underpinnings of emotional life. New York: Simon & Schuster. Leith, K. , & Baumeister, R.

Shweder, Much, Mahapatra, and Park (1997) offer a framework for reconciling these divergent views of moral standards, identifying three “ethics” that inform our standards for moral behavior: autonomy, community, and divinity. The ethic of autonomy focuses on individual rights, justice, and especially prohibitions against harming others— physically, psychologically, or spiritually. The ethic of community focuses on duty, loyalty, and shared social conventions—standards and rules that support community and hierarchy.

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