By Shahrukh Rafi Khan, Aasim Sajjad Akhtar, Sohaib Bodla
This booklet specializes in the retrogressive agrarian interventions through the Pakistani army in rural Punjab and explores the social resentment and resistance it caused, possibly undermining the consensus on a safety kingdom in Pakistan. Set opposed to the overbearing and socially unjust function of the army in Pakistan’s financial system, this e-book files a breakdown within the permitted functionality of the army past its constitutionally mandated function of defence. Accompanying past paintings on army involvement in undefined, trade, finance and actual property, the authors’ learn contributes to a much broader realizing of army intervention, revealing its hand in numerous sectors of the economic climate and, hence, its profits in strength and financial autonomy.
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Extra resources for The Military and Denied Development in the Pakistani Punjab: An Eroding Social Consensus
THE MILITARY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN 3 The Pakistani military is not unique in its economic interventionism and its command over national resources. However, as we will document, it may exceed others in the extent to which it draws on the national budget. , is subject to parliamentary oversight; the rest comes from commercial enterprises and a great deal of illegal activity. Cloughley (2008, 145) points out that the Indian Army also engages in welfare activities for its soldiers, although it enjoys far less autonomy than its Pakistani counterpart.
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2010. ” Journal of Economic Perspectives 24 (3), 33–44. Rostow, W. 1960. The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 22 THE MILITARY AND DENIED DEVELOPMENT Siddiqa, A. 2007. : Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Tse-tung, M. 1968. Four Essays in Philosophy. Beijing: Foreign Language Press. UNDP. 2009. Human Development Report 2009. New York: UNDP. Wade, R. H. 2004. Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization.