By Bruce Levine
During this significant new heritage of the Civil warfare, Bruce Levine tells the riveting tale of the way that clash upended the industrial, political, and social lifetime of the previous South, totally destroying the Confederacy and the society it represented and defended. informed during the phrases of the folk who lived it, The Fall of the home of Dixie illuminates the way in which a conflict undertaken to maintain the established order grew to become a moment American Revolution whose effect at the state used to be as robust and lasting as that of our first.
In 1860 the yank South used to be an unlimited, filthy rich, implementing zone the place a small minority had gathered nice political energy and large fortunes via a process of compelled hard work. The South’s huge inhabitants of slaveless whites nearly universally supported the fundamental pursuits of plantation vendors, regardless of the massive wealth hole that separated them. by way of the top of 1865 those constructions of wealth and gear were shattered. thousands of black humans had received their freedom, many poorer whites had ceased following their prosperous buddies, and plantation proprietors have been delivered to their knees, wasting not just their slaves yet their political strength, their worldview, their very lifestyle. This sea switch used to be felt national, because the stability of energy in Congress, the judiciary, and the presidency shifted dramatically and lastingly towards the North, and the rustic launched into a path towards equivalent rights.
Levine captures the many-sided human drama of this tale utilizing a massive trove of diaries, letters, newspaper articles, govt files, and extra. In The Fall of the home of Dixie, the genuine stakes of the Civil struggle develop into clearer than ever sooner than, as slaves conflict for his or her freedom within the face of brutal reprisals; Abraham Lincoln and his occasion flip what started as a restricted conflict for the Union right into a campaign opposed to slavery by way of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation; negative southern whites develop more and more dissatisfied with scuffling with what they've got come to work out because the plantation owners’ struggle; and the slave proprietors develop ever extra determined as their liked social order is destroyed, not only by means of the Union military, but additionally from inside of. whilst the smoke clears, not just Dixie yet all of yankee society is modified forever.
Brilliantly argued and engrossing, The Fall of the home of Dixie is a sweeping account of the destruction of the previous South in the course of the Civil struggle, supplying a clean standpoint at the so much mammoth fight in our historical past and the hot international it introduced into being.
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Additional info for The Fall of the House of Dixie: The Civil War and the Social Revolution That Transformed the South
Thousands of troops are encamped here. ” The transformation of the city from a quiet Southern town into a bustling war time capital made a powerful impression on everyone who witnessed it. “Thousands of troops was sent to Richmond from all parts of the South,” remembered John M. Washington, a former slave who was hired out in the capital when the war broke out. ”57 Hood’s Texas Brigade, Texas to Virginia, 1861 40 Nation Building on the Road The new arrivals turned the city into a diverse hub where the full spectrum of Southern dialect, dress, and deportment was on vivid display.
Settlement moved along an east-west axis, with Virginians settling Kentucky, North Carolinians going to Tennessee, and South Carolinians and Georgians striking out for Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. 36 Land in the Deep South and Southwest was fertile, abundant, and relatively cheap. Most important, it did not easily cover with frost. This was a critical factor, since two hundred days of frost-free soil were a preliminary condition for growing the crop that made the South not just a section, but a kingdom.
48 The slave traders who led the coffles down south were carry ing with them not just individuals, but the institution of slavery itself. In 1790, 45 percent of the region’s black population lived in Virginia and the state was the geographic center of human bondage in America. On the eve of the Civil War, that rate had dropped to 12 percent and the center of the slave society had moved to western Georgia. 49 The Old Dominion, where American slavery had been born, was no longer the quintessential slave state.