By Maureen D. McKelvey, Annika Rickne, Jens Laage-Hellman
Collaboratively compiled and edited via Maureen McKelvey, Annika Rickne and Jens Laage-Hellman, a trio of financial specialists, the commercial Dynamics of recent Biotechnology is a seminal and priceless source providing perception into the industrial effect of recent biotechnology. Drawing upon examples from Europe to demonstrate international tendencies, the industrial Dynamics of contemporary Biotechnology applies thought to resolve the trendy problems with precisely how new elements of data engage with industry strategies and the formation of industries. elevating very important theoretical and sensible questions, chapters adddress such themes as danger administration and the commercialization of human genetic checking out, the effect of rising bioinformatics, how one can conceptualize and degree smooth biotechnology, and masses extra. the commercial Dynamics of contemporary Biotechnology is a welcome and urged addition to trendy economics cabinets for college kids, lecturers, and execs alike, laying off mild on a newly rising measurement of the interaction among fiscal and existence technological know-how forces.
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Additional info for The Economic Dynamics Of Modern Biotechnology
There is a vast number of diﬀerent terminologies regarding the usage of the concept ‘modern biotechnology’ as well as diﬀerent methodologies, indicators and data. Such diversity is neither surprising nor strange – given that the dynamic nature of the underlying object under study by deﬁnition introduces inconsistencies. Still, inconsistencies prevent comparisons, and choices must be made. The second purpose is to introduce a conceptual matrix to structure one way of thinking about how to conceptualize the empirical phenomena.
Within the OECD countries, data are currently collected by a disparate group of agencies – statistical oﬃces, consulting companies (particularly Ernst & Young), business associations, regulatory agencies, industry ministries, universities and research-funding organizations. Only four countries (Canada, Italy, The Netherlands and New Zealand) carry out industry surveys through their national statistical oﬃces. Data for at least four countries comes from consulting companies, for three from industry associations and for another four from ministries or R&D funding agencies.
2. INNOVATION PROCESSES IN MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY This section structures a myriad of literature providing empirical details. 1 Innovations Emerge from Uncertain, Complex Processes Involving Knowledge and Markets Modern biotechnology has been deﬁned as a broad concept, including a range of rapidly changing products (sectors) and knowledge bases (see Chapter 2). It is widely claimed that the twenty-ﬁrst century will be ‘the century of biotechnology’ – both with regard to scientiﬁc progress and industrial development.