By Catherine Perlès, Gerard Monthel
Farmers made a surprising and dramatic visual appeal in Greece round 7000 BC, bringing with them new ceramics and crafts, and setting up settled villages. Their settlements give you the hyperlink among the 1st agricultural close to japanese groups and the next unfold of the hot applied sciences to the Balkans and Western Europe. Drawing on proof from a variety of archaeological assets, together with usually overlooked "small finds", the writer introduces bold new views on funerary rituals and the distribution of collectible figurines, and constructs a posh and refined photo of early Neolithic societies.
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Additional info for The Early Neolithic in Greece: The First Farming Communities in Europe (Cambridge World Archaeology)
Swamps and lakes occupied parts of these basins, but left enough land of good agricultural value to allow for a dense settlement on their margins. Before cultivating the land, however, the natural forest had to be cleared. Few settlements are found in the regions of highest rainfall, where the forest was densest. Elsewhere, settlements were surrounded by an open Mediterranean forest or mosaic of woodland and garrigue that rapidly gave way to permanent ﬁelds and pastures. The rich soils and high water tables of the alluvial basins offered good opportunities for farming, but few resources of quality for the manufacturing of the daily used stone tools and implements.
940Ϯ120 8321–7649 8003 J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Upper Meso. 740Ϯ110 8023–7753 7870, 7816, 7707 J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Upper Meso. 730Ϯ90 7976–7508 7857, 7820, 7705 J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Upper Meso. 710Ϯ100 7975–7508 7834, 7828, 7699 J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Upper Meso. 530Ϯ90 7865–7424 7537 J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Final Meso.? 190Ϯ80 7429–6829 7241, 7223, 7201, J. & F. 1987 Franchthi Final Meso.? 020Ϯ80 7242–6610 Sites Phase Level Lab. ref. Franchthi Lower Meso. F/AS–195 Franchthi Lower Meso. Franchthi Reference J.
I shall argue that Mesolithic Greece was indeed sparsely populated, and that this low demography rules out the hypothesis of a purely indigenous shift to agriculture. The few sites known to date concentrate in two main regions: north-east Attica and the Argolid, in eastern Greece, Corfu, the coastal plains of the Acheron and the Preveza region in north-western Greece (ﬁg. 1). 3 The important site of Theopetra, in Thessaly, with a sequence spanning the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic, is currently under excavation by N.