By John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. Hammond

In this interval the dominant powers within the East have been Assyria after which Babylonia. every one confirmed an intensive empire that used to be in line with Mesopotamia, and every in flip fell mostly via inner strife.

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Additional resources for Cambridge Ancient History: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC

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B u t in general, especially b e t w e e n 732 and 646, the C h a l d a e a n s w e r e the mainstay o f a n t i - A s s y r i a n politics in B a b y l o n i a , and o c c a s i o n a l extra­ ordinary tribal leaders w e r e able to c o m b i n e the political strength o f their unified tribes, e c o n o m i c p o w e r based on their animal h u s b a n d r y and trade, and tactical benefits o f their e n v i r o n m e n t t o g o o d a d v a n t a g e in harrying the A s s y r i a n s . 91 92 93 94 O v e r the years, repeated A s s y r i a n attacks o n the tribal c o u n t r y s i d e and A s s y r i a n interference in B a b y l o n i a n g o v e r n m e n t stimulated the g r o w t h o f m o r e effective political and military strategies a m o n g b o t h the older B a b y l o n i a n s and the tribal p o p u l a t i o n s .

The three major c o m p o n e n t s o f u k i n infantry, c a v a l r y , and c h a r i o t r y , c o n t e m p o r a r y a r m e d forces. B a b y l o n i a n armies b y t h e m s e l v e s p r o v e d c a p a b l e o f c a p t u r i n g major cities s u c h as N i p p u r (693) and C u t h a (651). S o u t h e r n M e s o p o t a m i a n s w e r e apparently n o t d e v o i d o f m i l i t a r y skills, since the A s s y r i a n a r m y in the time o f A s h u r b a n i p a l i n c l u d e d t r o o p s recruited f r o m a m o n g B a b y l o n i a n s , C h a l d a e a n s , and b u t w e have as yet d i s c o v e r e d practically n o d o c u m e n ­ Aramaeans; t a t i o n c o n c e r n i n g the B a b y l o n i a n a r m y itself.

148. Discussion: A 5 5 1 , 31 n. 149. For a general appraisal of Babylonian—Elamite relations at this time, see A 5 5 2 A . Discussion: A J J I , 31 n. 150. An even more significant indication of prosperity may be the wealth of ordinary people, reflected in the richness of contemporary grave gifts at Nippur (A 664, 1 4 7 ) . A 234, 13 Episode 4; A 270, 42. 1 3 3 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 4 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 2 0 21. B A B Y L O N I A IN THE S H A D O W OF ASSYRIA c o m m e r c i a l i t e m .

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