By Ruth M. Blakely

Robert de Brus, the 'conquisitor of Cleveland, Hartness and Annandale', who got here into England one of the fans of Henry I, was once additionally a detailed significant other and mentor of David I, king of Scots. The lands he obtained from either kings have been divided among his sons, from whom traces descended: the lords of Skelton, influential Northerners who performed an energetic half in the course of the baronial issues within the reigns of John and Henry III, and the famous cross-Border lords of Annandale, co-heirs of the large Chester and Huntingdon estates and progenitors of King Robert Bruce.This examine takes a clean method of the Brus relations by way of assessing the achievements of the 2 strains in parallel whereas analyzing the level in their strength and the advance in their lordships; it highlights the inter-relations among the barons of britain and Scotland in the course of 2 hundred years of comparative peace among the kingdoms. of extra curiosity is the appendix of an intensive handlist of charters of the Brus relatives of either lines.It might be a welcome boost to the present physique of works on English baronial households and on Anglo-Scottish cross-Border lords of the 12th and 13th centuries.

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Extra resources for The Brus Family in England and Scotland, 1100-1295

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106; Charters of David I, no. 1. 56 Reg. Wetherhal, 195 n. 2; ESC, 305; Green, ‘David I and Henry I’, 10 n. 49; Barrow, Kingdom, 322–3; Pithois, De Normandie, 75–6. The abbey of Grestain held land at Querqueville by 1195 and also obtained possession of the church some time between then and 1251, but this might have occurred after the loss of Normandy in 1204; Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, i, p. clxxv; Barrow, Kingdom, 323 n. 23. There are few known examples of land in Normandy being granted to English abbeys and no others of this magnitude.

35 36 17 the brus family in england and scotland 1100–1295 Yorkshire in the early years of the Norman era, both from the rebellion of its earls and the associated incursions of the Scots, which lasted well into the reign of Rufus. Norman administration had barely touched the region. Until 1100 few baronies had been created north of the Tees. 40 The disgrace of Ranulf Flambard, bishop of Durham, and the confiscation of his lands in 1101 which had created a temporary power vacuum in the region, was followed unexpectedly quickly by his reinstatement.

However, a Richard de Brus witnesses at least one, and possibly three, other charters of the same period and, as his name appears among the clerics, may perhaps be identified with the future bishop of Coutances (1124–31) who witnesses for Henry I on a later occasion; RRAN, ii, nos 1365, 1400, 1401, 1601; Pithois, De Normandie, 73. 21 the brus family in england and scotland 1100–1295 category only by those of David’s wife, son and nephew, William fitz Duncan. 54 The celebration of David’s marriage may also mark the occasion on which Robert made a grant of the town and church of ‘Karkarevil’ for the salvation of David, his wife and the souls of his parents, to St Mary’s, York, for the benefit of its cell in Cumbria, the small priory of Wether(h)al near Carlisle, which had been founded by Ranulf le Meschin in or soon after 1106.

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