By Gordon L. Rottman

The Berlin Wall and the Inner-German Border (IGB) have been equipped to halt the circulation of refugees from East Germany to the West. From August thirteen, 1961, over ninety six miles of crude fences and extra subtle partitions have been erected round West Berlin. Border defenses ran 858 miles from the Baltic to the Czechoslovakian border, slicing villages in , operating via constructions, and intersecting roads and railways. Gordon L Rottman, who turned accustomed to each side of the border whereas published to Germany, examines the foreign occasions that resulted in the production of the Berlin Wall, discussing how the barrier platforms functioned and their importance within the chilly warfare. masking the erection of the boundaries, how they developed, protective units and the function of the checkpoints, this e-book additionally describes how traditional humans tried to beat those actual and political stumbling blocks of their quest for freedom. Gordon Rottman writes,"In 1980 i discovered myself in a long-range reconnaissance patrol (LRRP) corporation. After 2 years of educating we have been assigned because the V Corps LRRP corporation: our venture within the occasion of a Soviet invasion of West Germany used to be to insert our 21 five-man reconnaissance groups inside of East Germany, determine "hides" overlooking autobahns and different highways, and file the pursuits of the second one operational echelon, the follow-on forces at the back of the preliminary attack forces. This required us to understand very much approximately what it was once like within East Germany. We started an excessive research of the IGB, and within the technique i used to be in a position to stopover at the border, research its methods, and tips to penetrate it."

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Extra resources for The Berlin Wall and the Intra-German Border, 1961-89

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32 The first, expedient walls were low, and made of a variety of different building materials, such as bricks and concrete blocks. These were rapidly replaced with prefab concrete slabs, blocks and beams. The workmanship was crude, with speed being the major concern. Rubble buttresses had to be built to support some sections. Lookout and guard posts began to appear. Steel hedgehog anti-vehicle obstacles were emplaced on streets. Wooden towers began to appear every 1,000m with searchlights sweeping barbed wire, and broken glass was cemented atop the walls.

East German radio played only music, with no official announcements. Leaflets were posted announcing the new regulations and handfuls were released to blow into the West. m. to block key routes. Soon, DDR soldiers began boarding up the Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor), the symbolic gateway to the East. Jackhammers tore up iii BERLIN SPECIAL PURPOSE TOWERS This illustration shows two types of special purpose towers that were a common sight in Berlin during the Cold War. To the left is a traffic control tower seen on railways and autobahns.

The Security Alert Police (Bereitschaftpolizei - Bepo) was organized into 21 mobile battalions for riot control and securing government facilities. The Transport Police (Transportpolizei - Trapo) with eight companies were mainly responsible for railway and yard security. The Water Protection Police (Wasserschutzpolizei WSP) operated river patrol boats on inland waterways, regulating boat and barge traffic and ensuring safety compliance. The Battle Groups of the Working Class (Kamphfgruppen der Arbeitklasse - KG), The infamous Trabant 601 KObel, the underpowered and heavily polluting patrol car of the Grenztruppen.

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