By Andrew Nickson, Richard Franceys

This ebook examines the problem of reform of the city water offer area in constructing nations, in accordance with case stories of state-owned water businesses in Ghana, India, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The starting to be public deepest partnership for city water provide is analyzed, focussing at the concession agreement version. the results for assembly the water wishes of the city bad, for the regulatory position of the nation and for nation ability construction also are mentioned.

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Sample text

The general manager has been in post since 1986, in sharp contrast to the norm in Latin America where managers of state or municipal water companies are regularly removed when a new political leadership takes office. Second, the co-operative structure also means that SAGUAPAC is not bogged down with legal delays in tendering procedures and in the administration of external loan finance that bedevil water companies belonging to the public sector. This means that it can implement investment projects much faster and more efficiently than other companies (Nickson 2000).

In three of the case study countries (Ghana, India and Sri Lanka) new laws provided positive incentives to operational and financial efficiency. But invariably these were countermanded by established practices that worked in the opposite direction. For example, in India prevarication in government policy towards reform of the urban water sector is reflected in the yawning gap between the rhetoric of official reform statements and the reality of minimal change on the ground. The 74th constitutional amendment, passed in 1992, envisaged the transfer of responsibility for urban water supply to the 3,500 municipalities in the country.

Low service coverage does not necessarily imply a poor water supply situation because residents may have access to cheaper alternative water sources such as wells. In this situation, switching to a new extension of the pipe network may involve a prohibitive financial cost in the form of connection charges and higher consumption charges, though in urban areas alternative sources may well be compromised by pollution from run-off and on-site sanitation. The measurement of equity in urban water supply is bedevilled by conceptual difficulties.

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