Tall structures & Sustainability document ДОМ и СЕМЬЯ,НАУКА и УЧЕБА, ПРОФЕССИИ И РЕМЕСЛА Издательство: company Of London Дата публикации: March 2002Язык: English Формат: PDF Размер: 2 MbКоличество страниц: 68Скачать.com uploading.com eighty five

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Vertical transportation generally accounts for about 5-10 per cent of the building energy consumption depending upon the type of lifts and other electrical loads in the building. The proportion is less in high electrical load demand buildings such as those used for dealing floors. Manufacturers have recently developed lifting solutions that maximise efficiency and minimise energy usage for high-rise buildings. Different configurations can benefit improved core design and efficiency of the net-to-gross floor area ratio, crucial in the economic considerations of tall buildings.

Smoothing the acceleration and deceleration of the lift car for passenger comfort also reduces energy. Variable speed gearless lifts have a high power factor and produce less waste heat. Energy is used to raise cars, but their descent is assisted by gravity and this energy can be recovered in electrical power. The recovery can be approximately 30 per cent and the generated electricity used elsewhere in the building. In high-rise buildings, the use of variable speed gearless lifts with intelligent programming and energy recovery can reduce their energy consumption by as much as 50 per cent.

Permanent Fire Brigade in the Building Although not mandatory in the UK, other European countries such as France have developed additional security measures against fire fighting by locating crews permanently within the building. • Phased Evacuation Protected escape routes from tall buildings must be managed effectively. To avoid excessively wide escape stairs needed to evacuate several thousand people at the same time, phased evacuation is common. In this, the services within the building are shut down on the floor where an alarm is raised together with one or two floors above and one floor below, and these floors are evacuated first.

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