By Marko Bender

Marko Bender analyzes the impression of spatial proximity among enterprise capitalists and new ventures through the funding approach. He elaborates a entire theoretical framework and empirically validates ensuing hypotheses about the saw spatial proximity and the influence of spatial proximity at the chance of a enterprise capital funding utilizing a German dataset. an intensive dialogue of effects and ensuing implications for marketers, enterprise capitalists, and public coverage concludes this thesis.

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1). The group of other German government includes venture capitalists that are mainly influenced by the federal government and operate on a national level. Due to the strong influence of the public sector, all of these venture capitalists also have the objective of economic development next to the generation of appropriate financial returns. 90 These institutions usually invest in the form of equity combined with subordinated loans. 91 As a result, it became obvious that the different types of venture capitalists vary in regard to their objectives, the used financial instruments, the extent of provided hands-on support, and their regional focus.

1055-1056; Sweeting (1991), p. 610. 2 and Fried/Hisrich (1994), p. 31. 2 and Sweeting (1991), p. 603, Fried/Hisrich (1994), p. 32; Wright/Robbie (1998), p. 536. 109 Cf. Tyebjee/Bruno (1984a), p. 1056; Böhner (2007), p. 52. 110 Cf. Wells (1974), pp. 57-58; Tyebjee/Bruno (1984a), pp. 1055-1056. Others Other supporting actors Proprietory network (prior investee, personal aquaintance, fund investors) Referral Other VC/PE firms, business angels Active search Cold contact of entr. 0% 2001 Germany 31 Inv.

543-549. 131 Moreover, Fried/Hisrich (1994) argue that the due diligence process is constituted by two phases, namely the first- and the second-phase evaluation. In the first-phase evaluation venture capitalists conduct an extensive due diligence in order to have a first rough understanding of the pricing and whether the deal is interesting. The second-phase evaluation is characterized by an “emotional” commitment of the venture capitalist. In this phase the venture capitalist basically made his choice and tries to determine potential obstacles and how they can be overcome (cf.

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