By Pauline Allen

In the 1st publication to be committed completely to Severus, famous writer within the box, Pauline Allen, makes a speciality of a desirable determine who's obvious concurrently as either a saint and a heretic.

Part of our well known Early Church Fathers sequence, this quantity interprets a key number of Severus' writings which survived in lots of different languages. laying off gentle on his key competition to the Council of Chalcedon and rehabilitates his recognition as a key determine of past due antiquity, is examines his his existence and occasions, pondering, homiletic skills and his pastoral concerns.

Severus used to be patriarch of Antioch at the Orontes in Syria from 512-518. although he's honored as an enormous saint within the previous Oriental Christian culture, he has commonly been considered as a heretic somewhere else; and as his works have been condemned by way of imperial edict in 536, little or no has survived within the unique Greek.

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P. 226) How then is it, O most wretched man, that alongside diversity of attributes you drag in a difference of substance—and this on the grounds that those things different in kind which concurred into one in a manner beyond all expression are separated by reason of natural quality, so as to perfect one nature and hypostasis incarnate of the Word out of two (natures)—and affirm two natures after the union, and write concerning the holy Cyril exactly as if what you were writing were sound, but without knowing what you are saying?

Severus’s proof-texts from Cyril come in the main from the Alexandrian’s later writings, rather than from his earlier works, where two-nature terminology was used against the Arians and Synousiasts. Page 71 Text 4 Philalethes, florilegium ch. 8 Translated from CSCO 68:197–202 (p. 197) The opponent’s eighth chapter. Of the same Cyril, from the letter to John, archbishop of Antioch, of which this is the beginning: Let the heavens rejoice and let the earth exult (Ps 95:11). ‘So then we confess our Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, only-begotten, perfect God and perfect man, of rational soul and body, who was begotten of the Father before the ages as touching his divinity, and at the end of days the same for our sake and for our salvation begotten of the virgin Mary as touching his humanity, consubstantial with the Father in respect 36 of divinity: for there was a union of the two natures.

Now when they had thus acknowledged these things, he accepted from then on as being without danger these phrases which featured in bungling fashion in the document of reconciliation, as if they were words of children who prattle, so that by way of prattling along with them he might elevate them to purer modes of expression. So that we do not devise these things out of our own mind, we demonstrate them from the writings of St Cyril themselves. } (p. 201) So then, after the holy Cyril’s report that the union has taken away the separation into two, and has perfected one nature of God the Word incarnate which shows only those things from which Page 73 there exists the one and sole Christ without confusion and without dividing into a duality those things which have been united into one, how do you, dissolving that which is one, affirm two natures after the union?

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