By Patrik Krieger, Alexander Groh
Sensorimotor integration, the dynamic strategy through which the sensory and motor platforms speak with one another, is important to people’ and animals’ skill to discover and react to their atmosphere. This booklet summarizes the most elements of our present realizing of sensorimotor integration in 10 chapters written by means of major scientists during this lively and ever-growing box. This quantity makes a speciality of the whisker method, that is a ravishing version to experimentally strategy sensorimotor integration within the mammalian brain.
In this e-book, authors learn the whisker approach on many alternative degrees, starting from the development blocks and neuronal circuits to sensorimotor habit. Neuronal coding thoughts, comparative research in addition to robotics illustrate the a number of features of this study and its large impression on primary questions on the neurobiology of the mammalian mind.
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Extra resources for Sensorimotor Integration in the Whisker System
Nat Neurosci 4(4):353–354 56. Azzopardi P, Cowey A (1993) Preferential representation of the fovea in the primary visualcortex. Nature 361(6414):719–721 57. Schnitzler H-U (1968) Die Ultraschall-Ortungslaute der Hufeisen-Fledermäuse (ChiropteraRhinolophidae) in verschiedenen Orientierungssituationen. Z Vergl Physiol 57(4):376–408 58. Stephan H, Baron G, Fons R (1984) Brains of soricidae. 2. Volume comparison of brain components. Z Zool Syst Evol 22(4):328–342 59. Estes JA (1989) Adaptations for aquatic living by carnivores.
The first mode is called slow oscillation, quiescent or deactivated. The second mode, discussed later, is called activated or arousal. The slow oscillation, quiescent or deactivated mode is considered here as a broad baseline state during which active sensory processing per se does not occur because animals are either sleeping, inattentive/ drowsy, or anesthetized. While there may be different modes within these states, for simplicity, we encompass them here within a single mode. In this mode, slow synchronous oscillations are common, particularly when animals are in non-REM sleep.
By exhaling and re-inhaling the same air as they sniff while submerged, these species can detect odorants. This behavior is fascinating by itself, but it also provided unexpected insights into the coordination of touch and smell in these species. This stems from the convenience of seeing sniffs, revealing that moles and shrews gather tactile and olfactory information in unison—supporting the generality of similar findings from laboratory rodents [47–49]. These revelations about olfactory abilities in semiaquatic moles and shrews suggested the solution to the impressive prey localization ability in terrestrial, eastern moles.