By David Deming

Technological know-how is a residing, natural job, the that means and realizing of that have advanced incrementally over human historical past. This ebook, the 1st in a approximately chronological sequence, explores the improvement of the method and significant principles of technological know-how, in ancient context, from precedent days to the decline of classical civilizations round three hundred A.D. It contains info particular to the histories of specialised sciences together with astronomy, medication and physics--along with Roman engineering and Greek philosophy. It heavily describes the contributions of such members as Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the good, Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy, Seneca, Pliny the Elder, and Galen.

Show description

Read or Download Science and Technology in World History, Vol. 1: The Ancient World and Classical Civilization PDF

Best ancient books

Hidden History: Lost Civilizations, Secret Knowledge and Ancient Mysteries

Hidden background fills the distance among archaeology and replacement background, utilizing the most recent on hand info and a commonsense, open-minded procedure. With greater than 50 images and illustrations, this is often the right reference paintings for these readers attracted to the archaeology of those nice conundrums.

Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)

Domestic to a couple of the main notable feats of engineering in addition to awe-inspiring normal vistas, historic Egypt used to be a land of significant promise fulfilled. Its pyramids, writing platforms, and paintings all predate the Islamic conquest and are symbols of the civilizations power. This quantity invitations readers to take pleasure in the splendors of old Egyptian tradition and realize the traditions that experience fired imaginations around the globe for generations.

Houses and Households: A Comparative Study

The writer provides a wide comparative database derived from ethnographic and architectural learn in Southeast Asia, Egypt, Mesoamerica, and different parts; proposes new methodologies for comparative analyses of homes; and significantly examines current methodologies, theories, and information. His paintings expands on and systematizes comparative and cross-cultural methods to the research of families and their environments to supply an organization beginning for this rising line of analysis.

Hunters, Fishers and Foragers in Wales: Towards a Social Narrative of Mesolithic Lifeways

Malcolm Lillie provides a huge new holistic appraisal of the facts for the Mesolithic career of Wales. the tale starts off with a discourse at the Palaeolithic historical past. so that it will set the total Mesolithic interval into its context, next chapters stick to a series from the palaeoenvironmental historical past, via a attention of using stone instruments, cost patterning and facts for subsistence suggestions and the diversity of accessible assets.

Additional info for Science and Technology in World History, Vol. 1: The Ancient World and Classical Civilization

Example text

When a girl, playing with a water-clock of shining brass, puts the orifice of the pipe upon her comely hand, and dips the water-clock into the yielding mass of silvery water — the stream does not then flow into the vessel, but the bulk of the air inside ... ”253 The significance of Empedocles’ experiment is controversial. ”255 But Benjamin Farrington (1891–1974) concluded that Empedocles’ experiments were an important step toward the eventual development of an experimental method. ”256 Thus, Empedocles showed that the senses could provide information on the hidden parts of nature, and therefore were an important tool in the acquisition of knowledge.

Some came to the Olympic games to buy and sell, seeking riches. Others come to compete, seeking honor. But the best came merely to observe and learn. Accordingly, in Pythagorean philosophy men were ranked from base to noble. The lowest were those who loved wealth and material possessions. Intermediate were the seekers of status and honor among men. ”173 The Pythagorean brotherhood practiced communal living. ”174 The Pythagoreans also held their doctrines and teachings secret. ”175 The need for secrecy arose from the Pythagorean recognition that knowledge could be used both for man’s liberation and for his destruction.

It was ... ”180 In Metaphysics, Aristotle said that the Pythagoreans even sought to describe abstract psychological principles such as justice and reason in terms of numbers. Contemporaneously with these philosophers and before them, the so-called Pythagoreans, who were the first to take up mathematics, not only advanced this study, but also having been brought up in it they thought its principles were the principles of all things. 181 Prior to Pythagoras and Thales, mathematics had been largely an empirical science.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.44 of 5 – based on 21 votes