By S. Fortescue
Russia's Oil Barons and steel Magnates features a serious research of the claims made opposed to oligarchs. In doing so, it provides an in depth research of where of the oligarchs in either the metals zone and within the Russian political financial system.
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Extra info for Russia’s Oil Barons and Metal Magnates: Oligarchs and the State in Transition
Nevertheless the ‘researcher’ as a career type was sufficiently well developed in the Soviet Union to include it in our classification as a separate category. A research career was seen as one in which status and even a modicum of wealth and influence could be gained, without being fully subordinate to the strictures of the party or state hierarchies. In transition circumstances the zavlab (zaveduiushchii 30 Russia’s Oil Barons and Metal Magnates laboratoriei, laboratory head) became a well-identified category, featuring heavily among leaders of the reform movement and those hanging on to their coat-tails.
Deripaska and Melnichenko did not have time to make use of any Soviet opportunities. In terms of our original definitions these four could be classified as new Russians. In summary the new oligarchs have quite different origins from the G7, with Red Directors, totally absent in the first contingent, making up the biggest group. There is also a significant group of new Russians, also totally absent in the G7. 60 Conclusions The origins of the oligarchs in both samples are quite scattered, with all the categories identified by Bunin represented, plus our own zavlab category.
Nevertheless it was those positions in those hierarchies that provided them with the original opportunity for their private entrepreneurial careers. 34 We so far have an uncomfortable 3:3 split between blackmarketeers and nomenklaturshchiki, with Berezovsky, seen by many as the most shady and controversial of them all, as yet unclassified. 35 However both better documented and more important is his research career. A graduate of the electronics and computing faculty of the Moscow Timber Technology Institute,36 he had a number of applied research positions before moving to the Academy of Science’s Institute of Control Problems in the early 1970s.