By P. Bhatt, Thomas Joseph MacGinley, B. S. Choo
Starting off layout conception for concrete parts and constructions and illustrating the practical functions of the idea, the 3rd version of this well known textbook has been commonly rewritten and improved to comply to the most recent types of BS8110 and EC2. It contains greater than sixty basically labored out layout examples and over six hundred diagrams, plans and charts in addition to giving the heritage to the British ordinary and Eurocode to provide an explanation for the ‘why’ in addition to the ‘how’ and highlighting the variations among the codes. New chapters on prestressed concrete and water protecting constructions are integrated and the main in general encountered layout difficulties in structural concrete are coated. valuable for college students on civil engineering measure classes; explaining the foundations of aspect layout and the strategies for the layout of concrete constructions, its breadth and intensity of insurance additionally make it an invaluable reference tool for practicing engineers.
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Extra resources for Reinforced concrete: design theory and examples
The building is usually supported on a raft which in turn may bear directly on the ground or be carried on piles or caissons. These buildings usually include a basement. Complete designs for types 1 and 2 are given. The analysis and design for type 3 is discussed. The design of all building elements and isolated foundations is described. 2 STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS AND FRAMES The complete building structure can be broken down into the following elements: Beams horizontal members carrying lateral loads Slabs horizontal plate elements carrying lateral loads Columns vertical members carrying primarily axial load but generally subjected to axial load and moment Walls vertical plate elements resisting vertical, lateral or in-plane loads Bases and foundations pads or strips supported directly on the ground that spread the loads from columns or walls so that they can be supported by the ground without excessive settlement.
Overall stability of a structure is provided by shear walls, lift shafts, staircases and rigid frame action or a combination of these means. The structure should be such as to transmit all loads, dead, imposed and wind, safely to the foundations. 2 of the code states that the planning and design should be such that damage to a small area or failure of a single element should not cause collapse of a major part of a structure. This means that the design should be resistant to progressive collapse.
The design should include sufficient movement joints to prevent serious cracking. Cracking may only detract from the appearance rather than be of structural significance but cracks permit ingress of moisture and lead to corrosion of the steel. Various proprietary substances are available to seal cracks. Movement joints are discussed in BS 8110: Part 2, section 8. The code states that the joints should be clearly indicated for both members and structure as a whole. The joints are to permit relative movement to occur without impairing structural integrity.