By Giacomo Barozzi

Первое (итальянское издание) известное нам издание виньоловского трактата, которое большинство исследователей датирует 1562 или 1563 г., опираясь на письмо от 12 июня 1562 г. сына Виньолы Джачинто, пославшего по поручению отца экземпляр "Правила" в Парму герцогу Оттавио Фарнезе, и на привилегию папы Пия IV, правившего с 1559 по 1564 г.
Это издание, вышедшее без имени издателя и без указания места и года издания, состоит из 32 гравированных на меди листов со сплошной нумерацией, включая титульный лист (I), папскую привилегию (II) и посвящение с обращением к читателям(III)
Благодаря краткости, догматичности изложения и простоте методов расчета «Правило пяти ордеров» сделалось каноническим учебником почти для всех архитектурных школ, воспринявших „классическую" традицию итальянского Возрождения (исключение составляет Англия, где особой популярностью пользовался Палладио), т. е., другими словами, почти для всей европейской архитектуры от XVII до середины XIX в. Об этом свидетельствуют бесчисленные издания и переработки трактата на всех европейских языках. Своей элементарностью и практичностью это руководство затмило и Витрувия, и Серлио, и Палладио, и Скамоцци, которые изучались отдельными специалистами и крупными мастерами, но которые никогда не имели и не могли иметь той популярности и того влияния на повседневную архитектурную практику, какие выпали на долю Виньолы.
Доп. информация: ВИНЬОЛА (Vignola) (наст. фам. Бароцци, Barozzi) Джакомо да (1507-73), итал. архитектор. Дворцы (Фарнезе в Капрароле, 1558-73), виллы (папы Юлия III в Риме, 1550-55), церкви (Иль Джезу в Риме, 1568-84) сочетают принципы архитектуры Возрождения с элементами барокко и классицизма. Теоретик архитектуры ("Правило пяти ордеров архитектуры", 1562)."

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The system hangs), click back immediately at frame 0 on the Timebar (eventually) so that the system updates and returns to frame 0. We’ve turned off the Autobak feature so that 3ds Max doesn’t attempt to Autosave part way through the playback 13 14 FIRE sequence or once the sequence has been completed, else it will try to re-run the simulation and attempt another Autobak save at the end and so on and so on. . (depending on the time interval between saves you’ve set in your preferences). To get around the issue of disappearing particles (should you experience it), set a new Seed value in the Position Object operator and re-run the simulation.

This can be achieved by clamping off the curve by adding the extra point and setting it to a height of 0. 14 Select the Surface_Speed, Surface_Emitter, and Surface_ Target objects in the scene. Right-click in the Viewport and select Object Properties in the resulting menu. In the resulting panel, turn off Renderable and click OK to close the panel. Information: We don’t want to see these objects in the scene, so they’ve had their Renderable properties disabled. You could always hide the geometry, though we need to call them later on when assigning particle properties.

This is due to the amount of heat the “fire” emits, thus affecting turbulence in the air. Additionally, changing the size of the fire requires a change to the amount of fuel, which obviously changes the resulting shape of the fire (see the reference material for examples). For this you’ll need to amend the influence systems, plus potentially add additional systems to get the end result look right. One way to get the end result look a bit more effective would be to speed up its motion; obviously it’s currently way too slow and needs speeding up considerably.

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