By Ansgar Schulz, Benedikt Schulz

Excellent scales for architectural layout and construction

Thinking and dealing in a number of scales lies on the middle of structure. What scale might be chosen for which layout determination? At what aspect is it brilliant to alter the dimensions? What can and needs to be depicted in a true-to-scale architectural drawing? and the way can one of these drawing stay transparent and therefore appealing?

An architectural drawing isn't really least a method of conversation. It includes items of data that are appropriate for varied recipients. the alternative of the perfect scale determines no matter if the customer or the development employee comprehend what's being conveyed.

In view of the numerous percentages provided by way of CAD, the target of in actual fact and unambiguously conveying one’s personal rules is sometimes misplaced sight of.

• A advisor to scales, layout and building in architecture
• every thing about the ‘right’ scale, line kinds and line thicknesses
• Formatting ideas while utilizing drawings as a medium of communique

The authors, Ansgar Schulz and Benedikt Schulz, offer orientation with their ebook, exemplarily guiding the architectural drawing again to its unique objective: the production of remarkable constructions.

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Maße werden nach Bedarf eingetragen, dabei empfiehlt sich die Angabe in Millimetern. Der Maßstab 1:1 wird auch oft verwendet, um die zu bauende Realität anhand von Modellen zu simulieren und zu testen. Insbesondere architektonische Elemente, die der Mensch berührt oder gar aktiv in die Hand nimmt wie Handläufe oder Tür­ drücker, können ideal am Modell des Maßstabs 1:1 auf ihre Gebrauchstauglichkeit und Schönheit überprüft werden. Der Weg vom Modell zum Muster ist dann nicht mehr weit. Weit verbreitet ist zum Beispiel die Anfertigung von Musterfassaden, anhand derer die Wirkung des Zusammenspiels von Material und Tektonik beurteilt werden kann, oder der Bau von Möbel-Prototypen, bevor Mobiliar in größerer Stückzahl produziert wird.

So kann die Schichtung von Rohmaterialien zu einem Bauteil entworfen werden, zum Beispiel zwei aneinander genietete Aluminiumbleche, Dichtungen, Stahlkerne zur Versteifung. Auch Schrauben und Befestigungsmittel können in ihrer tatsächlichen Dimension dargestellt werden, ebenso Folien, Bahnen oder Verfugungen. Plastische Gestaltungselemente wie Stützenfüße oder -köpfe, Fassadengesimse oder Fußleisten werden oft im Maßstab 1:1 gezeichnet, um die Proportion feiner tektonischer Abstufungen überprüfen zu können.

Diese sind auch deshalb nicht notwendig, weil sich die Ansicht von Bauteilen viel einfacher durch reale Muster simulieren lässt. Aufbau und Fügung eines Bauteils hingegen lassen sich gut mit Schnitten abbilden. Der Maßstab 1:1 wird in der Regel nur für sehr komplexe Details verwendet. Meist handelt es sich dabei um Details aus den Gewerken Metallbau und Fensterbau oder um Tischlerdetails. Materialquerschnitte ab einer Stärke von 1 mm können reali­ tätsgetreu und übersichtlich in ihrer Dimension dargestellt werden.

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