By Bruce Lee, Henry C. Clausen

“We may have possessed the genius to damage the pink code, yet in 1941 we didn’t have the brains to grasp what to do with it.” —Henry C. Clausen, particular investigator for secretary of warfare Henry L. Stimson

On December 6, 1941, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commander in leader of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, guaranteed his employees that the japanese wouldn't assault Pearl Harbor. the subsequent morning, eastern vendors steamed towards Hawaii to release the most devastating shock assaults within the heritage of battle, proving the admiral disastrously flawed. instantly, an research all started into how the yankee army might have been stuck so unaware.
 
the result of the preliminary research didn't implicate who was once answerable for this intelligence debacle. Secretary of battle Henry L. Stimson, understanding that high-ranking participants of the army had supplied fake testimony, determined to reopen the research by way of bringing in an unknown significant by means of the identify of Henry C. Clausen. Over the process ten months, from November 1944 to September 1945, Clausen led an exhaustive research. He logged greater than fifty-five thousand miles and interviewed over 100 army and civilian body of workers, finally generating an eight-hundred-page record that introduced new proof to gentle. Clausen left no stone unturned in his dogged attempt to figure out who used to be actually liable for the catastrophe at Pearl Harbor.
 
Pearl Harbor: ultimate Judgement finds the entire eye-opening information of Clausen’s research and is a damning account of huge intelligence failure. To this present day, the tale surrounding the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor stokes controversy and conspiracy theories. This ebook offers conclusive proof that indicates how the united states army overlooked such a lot of signs and the way it may well have refrained from the occasions of that fateful day.
 

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A brilliant horticulturist, Cooper provided the scientific, agricultural, and economic foundation for the business of growing olives in California. Along with Frank Kimball of San Diego, Cooper led the charge for the olive. He first visited Santa Barbara in 1868 and was impressed by the trees planted there by the mission’s padres and perhaps the grove of Judge Charles Fernald, the largest in the state at 40 acres. In 1870, he moved to the Goleta Valley, where within two years he planted 5,000 trees on 50 acres from 15-inch cuttings he made primarily at the missions at San Diego, San Fernando, San Buenaventura, and Santa Barbara.

Mismanagement by the latter led to bankruptcy. Sammis, however, continued to run his orchard, selling his olives to the Lindsay company, and continued to live until 1970 in the house he and Miriam occupied when they first moved to Wallace. He died the following year in Marin County. But the trees that bore his beloved “beautiful rocks” remain, as does a legacy of olives in Calaveras County. 59 Louis Benedict Sammis was born on July 17, 1881, in Bridgeport, Connecticut. His Sammis ancestors had arrived in that state from England in the 1640s.

Albert married California-born Carrie Augusta Chandler in 1883. Her father was former state senator Augustus Lemuel Chandler, a Vermonter who came to California in 1852. Albert and Carrie had 10 children, seven girls and three boys. All but one attended college, from Stanford, the University of California, Mills, and Rutgers to Davis Agricultural College, which later became the University of California, Davis, today a major center for olive research. J. Sparks on Coon Creek. There, he also grew raisins and grain and raised livestock.

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