By Committee on Animal Nutrition, Ad Hoc Committee on Nonhuman Primate Nutrition, National Research Council
This iteration provides the wealth of knowledge gleaned approximately nonhuman primates foodstuff because the past version used to be released in 1978. With improved insurance of traditional nutritional behavior, gastrointestinal anatomy and body structure, and the nutrient wishes of species which have been tricky to take care of in captivity, it explores the influence on nutrients of physiological and life-stage concerns: infancy, weaning, immune functionality, weight problems, getting older, and extra. The committee additionally discusses problems with environmental enrichment equivalent to possibilities for foraging. in keeping with the world's clinical literature and enter from authoritative assets, the booklet presents most sensible estimates of nutrient requisites. the quantity covers requisites for power: carbohydrates, together with the function of nutritional fiber; proteins and amino acids; fat and fatty acids; minerals, fat-soluble and water-soluble supplements; and water. The booklet additionally analyzes the composition of significant meals and feed components and gives instructions on feed processing and vitamin formula.
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Extra info for Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates (revised ed.)
1993 Olive baboon Yellow baboon Guinea baboon Chacma baboon Fruit and seeds 46% (0-86%); grass, sedge, herb 16% (097%); corms or roots 10% (085%); tree leaves 10% (061%); flowers 8% (0-27%); exudates or sap 4% (0-15%); other plant parts 6% (0-19%); prey 7% (0-72%); raid farms; beg from tourists; P. h. ursinus near sea eat crab Diurnal, mostly terrestrial, part arboreal; multimale/ multifemale group size 7-200; P. h. 0 kg male Dunbar & Dunbar, 1974; Dunbar, 1976, 1977; Fleagle, 1988; Iwamoto, 1979; Napier, 1981; Silva & Downing, 1995; Stammbach, 1987 Miopithecus M.
Erythrogaster, C. erythrotis, C. mona, C. petaurista, C. sclateri 4-35; C. , 1970; Caldecott, 1986a; Colyn, 1994; Napier, 1981; Oates, 1985; Silva & Downing, 1995; Wolfheim, 1983 C. pogonias C. wolfi Red-tailed guenon Mustached guenon Blue monkey DeBrazza’s monkey Putty-nosed or greater spot-nosed guenon Crowned guenon Wolf’s guenon Fruit 67% (5-100%) (seed only 8%); leaves 15% (0-96%); flowers 4% (0-51%); bark, pith, and other 2% (0-30%), fungi 2% (0-39%), invertebrates 14% (0-45%); C. mitis eat bamboo; C.
1984). , 1991). 0 vs. 6 vs. 0 hours) (Clemens and Phillips, 1980). The mean transit times for the same diet fed to vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) and the more insectivorous bushbaby (Otolemur crassicaudatus) were about 30 and 12 hours, respectively (Clemens, 1980). Folivores Primate folivores have a variety of physical adaptations that promote, through symbiotic microbial fermentation and mechanical action, the degradation of the structural and chemical defenses of plants. The two principal adaptations involve enlargements of the stomach or the hindgut to accommodate microbial fermentation (Parra, 1978; Langer, 1988).