By Gordon Pask (auth.), Gertrudis van de Vijver (eds.)
Gertrudis Van de Vijver· Seminar of common sense and Epistemology collage of Ghent prior to being labeled lower than the trendy denominators of complexity and chaos, self-organization and autonomy have been intensely inquired into within the cybernetic culture. regardless of all rejections that cybernetics has passed through within the moment half this century, this present day its value is progressively more well-known. Its decisive impression for connectionist theories, autopoietic and constructivist theories, for various different types of utilized or experimental epistemology, is being an increasing number of understood and usually authorised. it's quite often end result of the luck of connectionist versions that we realize this day a revival of curiosity for cybernetics. The 1943 article through McCulloch and Pitts is obviously a founding article. Cybernetics has although a wider curiosity than the single associated with technical-mathematical info proper to the development of networks. for example, the evolution from first to moment order cybernetics, the methods of coming near near organic and cognitive phenomena within the latter and the boundaries that have been formulated there, are really significant to appreciate present advancements and divergences in connectionism. A nuanced photograph of cybernetic's historical past and its current nation is hence basically epistemologically essential.
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Extra info for New Perspectives on Cybernetics: Self-Organization, Autonomy and Connectionism
A phenomenology of evolving networks, Systems Research, vol. 6, pp. 204-217. , 1986, Growth and Development, Springer Verlag, Berlin. , 1987, Evolution, Information and Thermodynamics, Oxford U. Press. E. A PRIORI AND A POSTERIORI IN COGNITIVE PRAXIS THE MODEL FOR THE REGULA nON OF AGONISTIC ANT AGONISTIC COUPLES E. Bernard-Weil Clinique Neuro-Chirurgicale de I'Hopital de la Pitie Paris Abstract Three couples have to be taken into account to advance in cognition researches: the couples formed by a priori and a posteriori, praxis and cognition, by model of cognition and model of the known, to which may be added the couple of realism and conceptualism (or conventionalism).
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In such instances, the order between end and meaning seems to be reversed: meaning is created first as a classification criterion and the function is defmed after or at least simultaneously in relation to it, as the classification according to that criterion. Machine-like systems are either actual machines built by men to perform given tasks, or natural organized systems which appear to perform some functions and, we assume, can be understood on the basis of the principle of causality 35 G. ), New Perspectives on Cybernetics, 35-48.