By Cecilia Lai-wan Chan

This ebook describes the conventional chinese language neighbourhood buildings at varied ancient classes and stumbled on that the neighourhood buildings have been tightly knitted extra for the aim of keep watch over than for welfare safety of the folk. The transformation into the socialist approach has revitalized the neighbourhood community given that 1949.

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Extra info for The Myth of Neighbourhood Mutual Help: The Community-Based Urban Welfare System of China

Example text

Therefore , despite the planners' enthusiasm for neighbourhood collective mutual help , increasing urbanization and economic development may have effectively decreased incentives 品r local mobilizatÏon. NOTES 1. 2. The other alternatives of insurance , private welfare services, legislative reforms , voluntary agencies and interest groups in Guangzhou will not be studied here. The focus will only be on the community-based welfare network. Medical services become una他rdable and prohibitive as hospitals are allowed to adopt cost-recovery measures to increase income.

For neighbourhood mutual help to work, certain preconditions must be met: that the community is stable, with low mobility, that the neighbours know one another , that their background is homogeneous , and that there are available resources within the neighbourhood which can be mobilized for mutual help (Gilbert 1983:124, Walker 1985 , Qureshi & Walkcr 1989, Whyte 8ιParish 1984:354). These conditions are vanishing in the PRC with the increasing urbanization and social mobihty resulting from the economic reforms.

2 The Levels of Welfare Provlsion ,md Thelr Roles and Emphases as Described by the Civd Affairs Dep扎 rtment in Guangzhou Levels of the Urban Welfare Provlsion Network Roles & Emphases Municipal Welfa陪 Shop Wmdow Provisions District Welfare Provisions Demonstratlon Street Office Welfare Provisions Mam Body Residents' Committee Welfare Provisions Supplement Commumty Servlce Policy 37 community services , the Street Office has to assume leadership in the planning and coordination of community services such as hostels for the elderIy, sheltered workshops , welfare factories , community therapeutic centres , housework services and so on.

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