By Lucia Recchia, Paolo Boncinelli, Enrico Cini, Marco Vieri, Francesco Garbati Pegna, Daniele Sarri

Multicriteria research and LCA Techniques introduces the reader to the elemental rules of multicriteria research (MCA) and existence cycle evaluate (LCA) thoughts. using those instruments is quickly changing into crucial in any feasibility examine for evaluating diversified strategies, opting for the main compatible ones, and for examining the interface of financial system and environment.

The major function of Multicriteria research and LCA Techniques is the applying of a brand new method of the research of strength stability and environmental effect of agro-industrial creation chains. It supplies designated descriptions of a couple of nutrients and non-food agro-industrial purposes of MCA and LCA, thereby offering the reader with sensible examples of the implementation of those instruments within the box of agro-industry.

Multicriteria research and LCA Techniques represents a subsidiary reference ebook for either undergraduate and graduate scholars, and will even be used for simple or utilized educational study.

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Org/ 9. Riva G (1996) I bilanci energetici: indicatori di processi industriali eco-compatibili, La Termotecnica, gennaio/febbraio, 33–45 10. Schlamadinger B, Apps M, Bohlin F, Gustavsson L, Jungmeier G, Marland G, Pingoud K, Savolainen I (1997) Towards a standard methodology for greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems in comparison with fossil energy systems. Biomass and Bioenergy 13: 359–375 11. Van den Berg NW, Duthilh CE, Huppes G. (1995) Beginning LCA: A guide into environmental life cycle assessment.

Taking into account that for each case study it has been hypothesised an application of the proposed methodology at the beginning of the design phase, the decision makers might be politicians, technicians and/or farmers. All the applications have been structured first by identifying the main operative phases of each production or agro-energetic chain, secondly by defining for each phase all the possible scenarios and thirdly by combining together all the possible scenarios in order to define the whole production or agro-energetic chain, considering that each single choice in a specific phase may affect all the next ones.

On the other hand, allocation constrains this variability at least to a certain extent as the further use of the co-products is not taken into account. It thus typically delivers more transparent and unambiguous results. The fact that both methods may deliver significantly different results is due to the mathematical way of obtaining the results. In addition, it must be considered that the substitution method is also called the expansion system method, because actually the system boundaries are enlarged to include also processes that describe the treatment and reuse of the co-products.

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