By Martin L. Maehr, Stuart A. Karabenick
Huge proof shows that faith is a motivational strength within the lives of lots of the world's inhabitants, and up to date social and political occasions have positioned faith middle level. Motivation is taken into account an integral part of any enough solution to the query, 'Why religion?'. that query involved early psychologists, equivalent to Freud and James, yet was once fairly missed with the ascendancy of behaviorism. It has given that regained momentum as an enormous sector of analysis and scholarship. besides the fact that motivational ideas are implicit in lots of analytical remedies of faith, and that a few articles and ebook chapters speak about motivation and faith, this literature is extensively dispersed and constrained basically to Judeo-Christian international perspectives. This quantity of the "Advances" sequence provides a scientific method of the subject, as considered in the course of the lens of such modern theories of motivation as expectancy-value, self-determination, and fulfillment target idea. a global workforce of students bargains a entire view of the way such theories support to appreciate religiosity and its effect on human studies and behaviour. moreover, authors ponder the consequences of non secular stories and behaviour for motivation conception. individually, those contributions supply designated views. jointly, they characterize the in demand theoretical methods to motivation, comprise the world's dominant religions, and tackle a large choice of important matters on the topic of this very major topic.
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Additional resources for Motivation and Religion, Volume 14 (Advances in Motivation and Achievement)
Self-efficacy in education revisited: Empirical and applied evidence. In: D. M. McInerney & S. Van Etten (Eds), Big theories revisited (pp. 249–274). Greenwich, CT: Information Age. Tolman, E. C. (1932). Purposive behavior in animals and man. New York: Century. C. (1979). Values, attitudes, and interpersonal behavior. In: H. E. How Jr. ), Nebraska symposium on motivation (Vol. 27, pp. 195–259). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. , & Blumenfeld, P. (1997). Change in competence beliefs and subjective task values across the elementary school years: A 3-year study.
A research annual (Vol. 7, pp. 151–183). Greenwich, CT, JAI Press. Nicholls, J. G. (1989). The competitive ethos and democratic education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Nicholls, J. , Cheung, P. , & Patashnick, M. (1989). Individual differences in academic motivation: Perceived ability, goals, beliefs, and values. Learning and Individual Differences, 1, 63–84. Nuttin, J. , & Lens, W. (1985). Future time perspective and motivation: Theory and research method. Leuven & Hillsdale, NJ: Leuven University Press & Earlbaum.
So, neither Nirvana (Paradise) nor Heaven may be attained by means other than those specified in each religion. Moreover, each religion, especially as interpreted in their fundamental forms, specifies mechanisms, which are said to assure this zero probability. In Hinduism, Karma assures that only those who do good will be released from the cycle of reincarnation (samsara). In Buddhism, Enlightenment can only be achieved through great spiritual effort (known in Zen Buddhism as Kensho or Satori).