By Tanelli, Mara; Savaresi, Sergio M.; Corno, Mauro
This booklet discusses all features of two-wheeled autos, comprehensively masking the most tools, instruments and ways to deal with the modelling, simulation and keep watch over layout concerns. It additionally bargains a viewpoint at the destiny traits within the box, outlining the demanding situations and the economic and educational improvement eventualities. broad connection with real-world difficulties and experimental checks can also be included all through. -- �Read more...
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Additional resources for Modelling, Simulation and Control of Two-Wheeled Vehicles
Unlike in four-wheeled vehicles, considerable camber angles (up to 50–60∘ ) are present while cornering with two-wheeled vehicles. Therefore the steering ratio is also significantly affected by the characteristics of the lateral force as a function of camber (in addition to the characteristics of the force as a function of lateral slip). 79) Motorcycle Dynamics 33 where Fy,R and Fy,F are the rear and front tyre lateral forces respectively, k????,R and k????,F are the rear and front sideslip stiffnesses, k????,R and k????,F are the rear and front tyre camber stiffnesses, ????R and ????F are the rear and front sideslip angles ????R and ????F are the rear and front tyre camber angles and Fz,R and Fz,F are the rear and front tyre normal loads.
The vehicle’s steering behaviour can be defined as follows: • neutral: ???? = 1 ⇐⇒ ????R = ????F ; • oversteering: ???? > 1 ⇐⇒ ????R > ????F ; • understeering: ???? < 1 ⇐⇒ ????R < ????F . In case of oversteering vehicles, there may be a critical speed Vcr where Δ = 0 and therefore ???? → ∞. e. the rider has to keep the handlebar turned outside the turn (as in speedway races). Unlike in four-wheeled vehicles, considerable camber angles (up to 50–60∘ ) are present while cornering with two-wheeled vehicles. Therefore the steering ratio is also significantly affected by the characteristics of the lateral force as a function of camber (in addition to the characteristics of the force as a function of lateral slip).
In practice, every mode involves some contribution from all four DOFs. 15 depicts an example of in-plane vibration modes, with typical values of natural frequency and damping ratio. In order to model in-plane dynamics, several simple models are commonly used in addition to complex multibody models. The most popular are reported in the following sections. 1 Half-Vehicle Models The half-vehicle model is a simple yet widespread model used to analyse the suspension–tyre dynamics. The name is due to the fact that only one tyre and one suspension are considered.