By Thomas Rauschenbach (ed.)
Members: Thomas Bernard, Albrecht Gnauck, Marco Jacobi, Divas Karimanzira, Oliver Krol, Torsten Pfützenreuter, Buren Scharaw, Thomas Westerhoff
This e-book offers crucial historical past wisdom at the improvement of model-based real-world strategies within the box of keep an eye on and selection making for water platforms. It offers process engineering equipment for modelling floor water and groundwater assets in addition to water transportation structures (rivers, channels and pipelines). The versions in flip offer details on either the water volume (flow charges, water degrees) of floor water and groundwater and on water caliber. additionally, equipment for modelling and predicting water call for are defined. pattern purposes of the versions are offered, resembling a water allocation choice help approach for semi-arid areas, a multiple-criteria regulate version for run-of-river hydropower crops, and a offer community simulation for public services.
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Extra resources for Modeling, Control and Optimization of Water Systems: Systems Engineering Methods for Control and Decision Making Tasks
11. More general software tools for modeling and simulation of river water quality processes can be applied by using AQUASIM  or STREAMPLAN . 10 Basic and add-on modules of MIKE11 for river water quality modeling Add-on module (short name) Characteristics Hydrodynamics (HD) Rainfall-runoff (RR) Structure operation (SO) Dam break (DB) Advection-dispersion (AD) Cohesive sediments (ACS) Non-cohesive sediments (ST/GST) ECO Lab AUTOCAL MIKE11 Stratified MIKE11 Real time GIS Extension Core module, hydrodynamic simulation based on non-linear Saint-Venant equation, computation of surface runoff, unsaturated infiltration, evapotranspiration, aquifer as linear storage Contains different rainfall-runoff models Simulation of operation of sluices, weirs, pumps, culverts and other construction elements along the course of a river Tools and models to simulate dam breaks Transport und distribution of conservative substances and heat Models of layered river bed, contains a quasi 2D erosion model Transport, erosion and deposition of non-cohesive sediments, simulation of river morphology Numerical water quality and freshwater ecology models Calibration of parameters Models of temperature and salinity stratification of water bodies Simulation of operational flood forecasting with GIS front-end, real-time updating of data and Kalman filtering Interface to ArcMAP including features for river basin delineation using cross-sectional and DEM data, pollution load estimates and visualisation as 2D maps water quality processes at EAWAG Zürich.
Water quality in rivers is often characterised by its content of dissolved oxygen over a fixed distance or at a fixed point of the water body which is one of the main indicators to model river water quality. Other measures of water quality are the dissolved oxygen deficit compared with temperature dependent saturation concentration at equilibrium, or by BOD which represents the amount of biodegradable matter. Generally, the DO concentration of a water body is a common measure of non-toxic organic pollution, but there are many other variables by which it can be directly or indirectly affected.
08 . 83) 2 Water Resources 41 where CDO—content of DO (g DO/m2 ) at T = 20 ◦ C, z—depth of water body. The conversion to other water temperatures an be done following an Arrhenius equation. Reference  presented SOD-values for different soil conditions. Other variables of water quality are important in the context of various uses of a water body are suspended matter, heavy metals, chloride, or organic carbon compounds like PAH, PAK or other chemicals. Specific models had to be developed for them (see ).