By Henry Wiencek

Henry Wiencek’s eloquent, persuasive Master of the Mountain—based on new details coming from archival study, archaeological paintings at Monticello, and hitherto missed or ignored facts in Thomas Jefferson’s personal papers—opens up a massive, poorly understood measurement of Jefferson’s remote global. We needs to, Wiencek indicates, persist with the money.

Wiencek’s Jefferson is a guy of commercial and public affairs who makes a hit of his debt-ridden plantation due to what he calls the “silent profit” won from his slaves—and due to the skewed morals of the political and social international that he and millions of others easily inhabited. it's not a beautiful tale. Slave boys are whipped to cause them to paintings within the nail manufacturing unit at Monticello that will pay Jefferson’s grocery accounts. Slaves are obtained, offered, given as presents, and used as collateral for the personal loan that will pay for Monticello’s construction—while Jefferson composes theories that imprecise the dynamics of what he himself referred to as “the execrable commerce.” many folks observed a disaster coming and attempted to forestall it, yet no longer Jefferson. The pursuit of happiness had develop into deeply corrupted, and an oligarchy used to be getting very wealthy. is that this the critical American tale?

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A brilliant horticulturist, Cooper provided the scientific, agricultural, and economic foundation for the business of growing olives in California. Along with Frank Kimball of San Diego, Cooper led the charge for the olive. He first visited Santa Barbara in 1868 and was impressed by the trees planted there by the mission’s padres and perhaps the grove of Judge Charles Fernald, the largest in the state at 40 acres. In 1870, he moved to the Goleta Valley, where within two years he planted 5,000 trees on 50 acres from 15-inch cuttings he made primarily at the missions at San Diego, San Fernando, San Buenaventura, and Santa Barbara.

Mismanagement by the latter led to bankruptcy. Sammis, however, continued to run his orchard, selling his olives to the Lindsay company, and continued to live until 1970 in the house he and Miriam occupied when they first moved to Wallace. He died the following year in Marin County. But the trees that bore his beloved “beautiful rocks” remain, as does a legacy of olives in Calaveras County. 59 Louis Benedict Sammis was born on July 17, 1881, in Bridgeport, Connecticut. His Sammis ancestors had arrived in that state from England in the 1640s.

Albert married California-born Carrie Augusta Chandler in 1883. Her father was former state senator Augustus Lemuel Chandler, a Vermonter who came to California in 1852. Albert and Carrie had 10 children, seven girls and three boys. All but one attended college, from Stanford, the University of California, Mills, and Rutgers to Davis Agricultural College, which later became the University of California, Davis, today a major center for olive research. J. Sparks on Coon Creek. There, he also grew raisins and grain and raised livestock.

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