By Andres Sousa-Poza Ph.D. (auth.), Samuel F. Kovacic, Andres Sousa-Poza (eds.)

With such a lot of phrases on hand to outline an identical factor, it's going to appear approximately irresponsible to introduce yet one more time period (complex scenario) to explain a phenomenological kingdom of corresponding to a approach. besides the fact that, a fancy state of affairs infers either a broader which means and imposes a distinct standpoint. complicated during this context depends on knowing and fact instead of observer and information. scenario imposes a gestalt that can't be characterised inside of a unique point of view that relegates paradox to a superior/subordinate hierarchy. This additionally infers that advanced state of affairs has no monotonic definition or every one definition is by way of default incomplete. as a result the perennial derivations for structures equivalent to complicated structures, procedure of structures, federation of platforms is not any longer a enough descriptor for advanced state of affairs. Ergo method and its family tree lack the structure to outline advanced occasions. The books' rationale is to discover this pathology via a chain of papers written via authors that paintings in advanced events and feature handled the restrictions of the established order: systems.

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In: MECS forum conference proceedings, Norfolk, pp 182–191 Padilla JA (2010) A theory of understanding within problem situations. ODU Dissertation Padilla J, Sousa-Poza A, Tejada A, Kovacic S (2007) Towards a Diagnostic Framework for Understanding Complex Situations. In: NECSI conference, Quincy, MA, 28 Oct–2Nov 2007 Padilla JJ, Diallo SY, Sousa-Poza AA (2011) Establishing a theoretical baseline: using agent-based modeling to create knowledge. In: Tolk A, Lakhmi J (eds) Intelligence-based systems engineering, vol 10.

Brewer to relate the two. Traditional epistemological and ontological constructs inevitably lead – under conditions of uncertainty – to conditions which are inconsistent with their associated philosophical foundations. (Sousa-Poza and Correa-Martinez 2005; Keating et al. 2005; Brewer 2010) and others have initiated a dialog exploring constructs for complex situations, framing the discussion around the elements of epistemology, ontology and methodology which carries potential to enrich research and practice.

The three elements are mutually generative and as such, influence each other significantly in many cases, but also leave the potential for significant misalignment when, for example, one of the elements is subject to external definition. The first order interaction between the elements provides for a basic assessment of alignment. • The problem framing is the result of comparing the attributes of the entity with those of the observer. A variety of comparisons are possible ranging from capability (observer is a mechanic, and the entity entails a socio-psychological problem) to worldviews (observer is an extremely detailed, analytic thinker, and the entity is irreducible).

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