By Alan Ross Anderson (auth.), Radu J. Bogdan, Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.)

The Fourth overseas Congress for good judgment, method, and Philos­ ophy of technological know-how was once held in Bucharest, Romania, on August 29-September four, 1971. The Congress used to be prepared, less than the auspices of the Inter­ nationwide Union for background and Philosophy of technological know-how, department of good judgment, method and Philosophy of technology, through the Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania, the Academy of Social and Political Sciences of the Socialist Republic of Romania, and the Ministry of schooling of Romania. With greater than 8 hundred partaking students from thirty-four nations, the Congress used to be one of many significant medical occasions of the yr 1971. The committed efforts of the organizers, the wealthy and thoroughly deliberate software, and the nice and cozy and pleasant surroundings contributed to creating the Congress a winning and fruitful discussion board of trade of clinical rules. The paintings of the Congress consisted of invited one hour and 30 minutes addresses, symposia, and contributed papers. The lawsuits have been equipped into twelve sections of Mathematical common sense, Foundations of Mathematical Theories, Automata and Programming Languages, Philos­ ophy of good judgment and arithmetic, normal difficulties of method and Philosophy of technological know-how, Foundations of chance and Induction, method and Philosophy of actual Sciences, technique and Philosophy of organic Sciences, method and Philosophy of mental Sciences, technique and Philosophy of historic and Social Sciences, technique and Philosophy of Linguistics, and historical past of common sense, technique and Philosophy of Science.

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Additional info for Logic, Language, and Probability: A Selection of Papers Contributed to Sections IV, VI, and XI of the Fourth International Congress for Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Bucharest, September 1971

Sample text

Attempts at dispensing with the concept of identity may originate, however, in considerations of quite another sort. While admitting that the distinction between statements of identity and ordinary subjectpredicate statements may be justified and perhaps even illuminating when we are primarily interested in what is precisely done in one case 46 DRAGAN STOIANOVICI and in the other, one might still contend that it introduces an unnecessary complication in the formulation of rules of inference. In other words, one's preference for a uniform reading of 'is' in all sentences where it copulates two terms, singular or general, may be rooted in one's desire for economy in the repertory of techniques used in discovering logical relations between propositions.

19 (N 3), explicitly written in Abs64 - cf. Note 1 - conforms with Scott (1969). 6 Higher level types or functions are not considered in Scott (1969). Furthermore no axiom system is laid down there. 19 is not hinted at. 19 has basic consequences in MC' (NN 6-8), and its two analogues for the type-free modal calculus MC'" have the analogue consequences and additional important consequences - cf. Bressan (1972, N 21). 7 This seems due to some criticism of Montague - cf. the postscript in Scott (1969).

Let EV be the extensional part ofMV. The semantic analysis of modalities for MV is based on the concept of a set r of 'possible cases' y. They are called 'possible worlds' by the tradition and T-cases' by Bressan who had used this generalization over state descriptions (Carnap, 1956) in Bressan's (1962) monograph on foundations of classical particle mechanics - cf. Note 2. The semantics for MV also comply with Carnap (1956) in that every designator is conceived of as having both an extension and an intension (the latter determines the former in every y E r); furthermore, these semantics are directly based on Ss as those in Carnap (1956) and Carnap (1963).

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