By John C. Cremony
One of the unique seventeenth-century old money owed of the Apaches and the southwestern American Indians.
John C. Cremony’s first stumble upon with the Indians of the Southwest happened within the early 1850s, whilst he followed John R. Bartlett’s boundary fee surveying the United States–Mexican border. a few ten years later, as an officer of the California Volunteers, he renewed his acquaintance, quite with the Apaches, whom he got here to grasp as few white americans sooner than him had. Cremony used to be the 1st white guy to develop into fluent within the Apache language, and he released the 1st dictionary in their language as a device for the united states Army.
Cremony’s account of his reviews, released in 1868, fast grew to become, and is still this present day, an quintessential resource on Apache ideals, tribal existence, and struggling with strategies. even if its unique objective used to be to urge more advantageous army suppression of the Apaches, it has the entire fast paced motion and pleasure of a singular and the authenticity of an ethnographic and ancient rfile. lifestyles one of the Apaches is unmatched in its awareness to aspect, and Cremony’s firsthand bills of the intricacies of way of life for the Apaches make it either an important textual content on local American tradition and a really vital anthropological paintings.
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Extra info for Life Among the Apaches: The Classic History of Native American Life on the Plains
The faint white lines in the center of the photograph are footprints of the concrete seawalls being built to the configuration of the harbor. ) 31 A few oil wells are still standing on Pacific Avenue in 1960. The roadway is connecting to the Ballona Creek Bridge, and more of the entrance channel has been dredged. Dirt roadways are intertwined throughout, as mud and sediment continue to be relocated. It is estimated that the volume of dirt relocated in the building of the marina would fill over eight Los Angeles Coliseums.
The future fuel dock is at the corner site of the upper landmass (center). A few oil wells remain on the peninsula. ) In order to maintain adequate tidal action and ocean flow into the Grand Canal, which will now open to the ocean through the harbor entrance channel instead of via Ballona Creek, two oil wells were removed and capped. In this 1959 photograph, the two coffer dams (circle area) are adjacent to the Lighthouse Bridge (center bottom) connecting the peninsula with the marina development.
48 As seen in the above photograph, taken in 1963, the “washing machine” wave action undermined the walkway along the seawall at Pieces of Eight restaurant (right). The damage was especially intense in the area next door, where the Harbor Administration Center is located on Fiji Way (below). The severity of the surge intensified the urgency for the US Army Corps of Engineers to speed up its short-term solution for immediate prevention of more damage as well as to develop a permanent safe-harbor plan.