By James R. Lincoln

This e-book makes use of quantitative and historic the way to hint the evolution of the japanese economy's enterprise community from the prewar interval to the tip of the century. It addresses no matter if the debatable "keiretsu" company groupings have outlived their usefulness and are withering away within the face of deregulation, globalization, and industry liberalization. whereas concluding that those relationships are nonetheless relevant to eastern enterprise, the e-book additionally notes that they're even more subordinated to the options of person businesses than used to be precise of the prewar community financial system.

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1990). See Aoki (1988); Asanuma and Kikutani (1992); Broadbridge (1966); Nishiguchi (1994); Kawasaki and McMillan (1987). Miyashita and Russell (1994). Ahmadjian and Lincoln (2001). 22 Japan’s Network Economy SUMITOMO BANK M. BANK MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC NEC HONDA M. CORP. M. 1. How horizontal and vertical keiretsu interconnect. Note: Firms within a rectangle are shacho-kai members. Keiretsu as Network Organizations: A Structural Overview How networks “act” – what forces give them direction and coordination – is a challenging but intriguing question.

4 A telling example is Cole’s (1971) finding from a participant observation study of Japanese factories that workers in neighboring plants of different companies had little contact; their relations were largely confined to the boundaries of their respective firms. Lincoln and Kalleberg’s (1990:88) survey of over 100 manufacturing plants and 8,000 employees in Japan and the United States provided survey evidence of the same: a higher density and depth of coworker ties within the Japanese factories.

But they would also include lines of access to Japan’s oligopolistic advertising industry, ties to important politicians who can run interference with the bureaucracy and help land big contracts, and contacts with university professors, ensuring a stream of quality recruits. They would certainly comprise banking and brokerage house relationships. They can even include ties to organized crime, especially sokaiya, racketeers who disrupt shareholder meetings or, who paid off, keep others from doing so.

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