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An exception is in the fruit fly, where the genomes of several different retrovirus-like particles have been cloned and sequenced. It is apparent from these studies that retrovirus-like particles present in invertebrate species are evolutionarily related to well-characterized mammalian prototype retroviruses. These observations suggest that retroviruses or retroviral genomes are ubiquitous among multicellular organisms. This suggests that the ability of retroviruses to facilitate rapid alterations in the genome of their host species by transducing genetic material from one location to another could have been a significant source of genetic diversity during evolution.

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