By Robert M. Buchanan

From the mid-1850s to the post-World battle II period, Deaf americans as a rule sought to deemphasize their identification as signal language clients to be built-in greater into the staff. yet in his soaking up e-book Illusions of Equality, Robert Buchanan exhibits that occasions in this interval could thwart those efforts. The residential faculties for deaf scholars within the nineteenth century under pressure using American signal Language whereas additionally spotting the price of studying English. however the good fortune of the program used to be disrupted by means of the increase of oralism, with its dedication to instructing deaf kids speech and its ban of signal language. Buchanan depicts the results in sobering phrases: such a lot deaf scholars left tuition with restricted educations and skills that certified them just for marginal jobs. He additionally describes the Deaf community's male hierarchy insistence in the course of the finish of worldwide conflict II on person accountability, strategies that continuously did not earn activity protection for deaf staff. Illusions of Equality is an unique, edifying paintings that might be liked for years yet to come.

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Additional resources for Illusions of equality: deaf Americans in school and factory, 1850-1950

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Until such instruction was improved, more men would be forced to peddle or beg in order to survive. One person sided with Brown, requesting that organizations assist unemployed workers, but another participant demanded swift punishment of deaf tramps and peddlers. 42 Many deaf adults understood that their opportunities as workers were linked, in large part, to their general standing in hearing society. This position greatly worried some, and a small number of deaf individuals doubted they would ever be treated fairly in hearing society.

Cm. Includes bibliographical references and index.  Title. 9'0813 dc2199-40421 CIP All photographs courtesy of the Gallaudet University Archives. 48-1984. Page v For my mother and father Page vii Contents Abbreviations ix Acknowledgments xi Introduction xiii 1 "For the Deaf of the Land" Building Independence 1 2 "Our Claims to Justice" Challenging Oralism 20 3 "Shoulder to Shoulder" Protesting Civil Service Discrimination 37 4 "For the Deaf by the Deaf" Advocating Labor Bureaus 52 5 "For One's Daily Bread" Entering Industry 69 6 "Conspiracy of Silence" Contesting Exclusion and Oral Hegemony 85 7 "To Stand on Their Own" Looking to the Future 102 Epilogue 127 Notes 129 Bibliography 187 Index 205 Page ix Abbreviations ADA Americans with Disabilities ActAFPHAmerican Federation of the Physically HandicappedASLAmerican Sign LanguageCAIDConvention of American Instructors of the DeafCCCCivilian Conservation CorpsCEASDConference of Executives and Administrators of Schools for the DeafCIOCongress of Industrial OrganizationsDMJDeaf Mute's JournalESAEmpire State Association of the DeafFEPCFair Employment Practices CommitteeGCAAGallaudet College Alumni AssociationGPOGovernment Printing OfficeGYACGoodyear Aircraft CorporationMCADMetropolitan Civic Association of the DeafNADNational Association of the DeafNFBNational Federation of the BlindNFSDNational Fraternal Society of the DeafNIDNational Institute for the DeafNRANational Recovery AdministrationOVROffice of Vocational RehabilitationPCEHPresident's Council on Employment of the HandicappedPSADPennsylvania Society for the Advancement of the DeafSWJDSociety for the Welfare of the Jewish DeafTSCTemporary State CommissionUSESUnited States Employment ServiceWMCWar Manpower CommissionWPAWorks Progress Administration Page xi Acknowledgments This study would not have been possible without the generous support and assistance of deaf and hearing individuals from around the United States.

Like other reformers of the Second Great Page 3 Awakening, Gallaudet believed his overarching duty was to bring his students closer to God and the Gospel. As he would later write, uneducated deaf children and adults knew nothing of morality or salvation, so they stood outside the reach of God. 8 Consistent with the preindustrial artisan economy of the early nineteenth-century United States, Gallaudet designed the curriculum to prepare his students to become independent wage earners. 9 The American School's influence was enormous.

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