By Robin Hagg, Nanno Marinatos

Greek Sanctuaries: New ways examines a few of the most important and no more renowned Greek sanctuaries from a brand new viewpoint. the conventional method of Greek sanctuaries and particularly temples has been descriptive. a lot emphasis is often put on architectural gains yet merely infrequently is there an try and examine the totality of features Greek sanctuary may well surround. This selection of articles addresses the severe questions which concerning the varied reasons of the sanctuaries: what was once their social functionality? Who have been their consumers? and the way does the historical past of sanctuaries replicate the advance of Archaic and Classical Greek tradition and civilization? nearby hyperlinks and adaptations are under pressure, whereas a few sanctuaries are proven to have had specific makes use of equivalent to eating and initiation. one of the cults mentioned are the Eleusinian mysteries for which a brand new reconstruction is proposed.

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Forms of community and forms of community ritual are generally closely related. Although there was no such thing as a ‘normal’ polis in the Archaic and Classical world, from the eighth century onwards increasingly similar paths of state formation in a number of previously varied and fragmented Early Iron Age societies gave rise to greater investment in community sanctuaries, and also to a growing similarity in religious organization and cult institutions. By the Archaic period at the latest, therefore, the existence of a common framework of cults and forms of sanctuary building reflected a shared need to come to terms with divine and human ‘others’, and cult places were thus ideal channels for celebrating contacts (friendly or hostile) between states of all kinds.

Maass (supra n. 11) 158, B4350, cf. 3, cat. 15, forthcoming); Maass (supra n. 11) 25 n. 30. Early tripod dedications from Argos: Athletes and Oracles, 85–9 (cf. C.

50 In other respects, however, the development of the sanctuary differs markedly from that of Olympia. Most importantly, it grew up in the middle of a village which had been established some 75 years before the appearance of the first votives, and traces of which have been found in the east temenos under later buildings, including the temple of Apollo. 52 In their nature, origins and relatively late date (in comparison with Olympia), early votives at Delphi reflect the interests of emergent states more closely than those of the local community.

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