By Jennifer M. Hazen, Dennis Rodgers
Gangs, usually linked to brutality and mindless harmful violence, haven't regularly been considered as inherently hostile. the 1st experiences of gangs depicted them as replacement resources of order in city slums the place the state's authority was once missing, and so they have hence been proven to be very important components in a few formative years lifestyles cycles. regardless of their proliferation there's little consensus relating to what constitutes a gang. Used to indicate phenomena starting from prepared crime syndicates to teams of youths who assemble spontaneously on road corners, even the time period "gang" is ambiguous.
Global Gangs bargains a better realizing of gangs via essays that examine gangs spanning throughout international locations, from Brazil to Indonesia, China to Kenya, and from El Salvador to Russia. quantity editors Jennifer M. Hazen and Dennis Rodgers compile members who research gangs from a comparative standpoint, discussing such issues because the function the apartheid regime in South Africa performed within the emergence of gangs, the politics at the back of baby vigilante squads in India, the connection among immigration and gangs in France and the USA, and the complicated stigmatization of youths in Mexico because of the arbitrary deployment of the observe "gang."
Featuring an afterword via well known U.S. gang researcher Sudhir Venkatesh, this quantity offers a complete inspect the adventure of gangs the world over and in doing so demanding situations traditional notions of identity.
Contributors: Enrique Desmond Arias, George Mason U; José Miguel Cruz, Florida overseas U; Steffen Jensen, DIGNITY–Danish Institute opposed to Torture; Gareth A. Jones, London tuition of Economics and Political technology; Marwan Mohammed, École Normale Supérieure, Paris; Jacob Rasmussen, Roskilde U; Loren Ryter, U of Michigan; Rustem R. Safin, nationwide examine Technological U, Russia; Alexander L. Salagaev, nationwide study Technological U, Russia; Atreyee Sen, U of Manchester; Mats Utas, Nordic Africa Institute; Sudhir Venkatesh, Columbia U; James Diego Vigil, U of California, Irvine; Lening Zhang, Saint Francis U.
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Additional info for Global Gangs: Street Violence Across the World
Distinguishing between the structural positions of merchants and drug dealers, respectively, should not obscure that there are important relations between the two. Street gangsters are, for instance, both front pushers and the main consumers of drugs. However, as we return to later, media reports and policies incorrectly conflate the two. What pushed young men into gangs? To survive on the streets, young men sought protection in groups that were invariably interpreted through the lens of the gang.
G. 1988. Cholas: Latino Girls and Gangs. New York: AMS Press. , and C. Hazelhurst, eds. 1998a. Gangs and Youth Subcultures: International Explorations. London: Transaction. , and K. Hazelhurst. 1998b. ” In Gangs and Youth Subcultures: International Explorations, edited by K. Hazelhurst and C. Hazelhurst, 1–34. London: Transaction. M. 2010a. ” In Small Arms Survey 2010, 254–75. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ———. 2010b. ” In Small Arms Survey 2010, 84–99. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The chapter focuses on the origins of Chicano gangs in Los Angeles, paying particular attention to the roles of immigration, adaptation, poverty, and socialization in the emergence and persistence of youth gangs in Los Angeles. It is divided into three sections. The first section identifies important dynamics during immigration and the subsequent adaptation to a new homeland. The second section reveals the negative impacts of maladaptation, such as poverty, segregation, and the breakdown of traditional family structures.