By Valerie O'Regan
Valerie O'Regan examines the connection among lady policymakers and coverage outputs. Her basic situation is whether or not woman policymakers are linked to the development of women's matters within the coverage realm. even if this question is necessary within the examine of illustration idea, there was unusually little learn at the subject, and it has tended to supply constrained, usually contradictory results.
O'Regan's examine layout and research makes use of time-series, cross-sectional tactics to envision the consequences of the self sustaining variables at the based variables through the years, throughout nations. facts from 22 international locations in the course of the interval of 1960-1994 have been analyzed in separate segments. the 1st research concerned 3 basic coverage measures that handle forms of women's factor policies―employment and social. the second one research concerned measures for coverage comprehensiveness applying equivalent salary laws. The findings for the 1st research are confident concerning the courting among the presence of girl policymakers and the presence of women's factor regulations. The findings for the second one research spotlight the problems of constructing legitimate measures of coverage substance. students and different researchers concerned with ladies and politics and legislative habit will locate the examine of specific interest.
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Additional resources for Gender Matters: Female Policymakers’ Influence in Industrialized Nations
As mentioned earlier a pattern exists regarding the types of issues that are labeled important to women; however, the differing results demonstrate that some of the issues may be considered higher-priority women’s issues or national issues rather than women’s issues. Other factors may also influence the importance that female policymakers place on specific issues, such as dominant religious affiliation or regional conservatism affecting support for reproductive freedom policies. Another problem with the existing research is the lack of a uniform definition of policy impact.
As the equal wage laws were formulated, general goals were set for each piece of legislation. For the early laws, the main goal was to achieve equal pay for the same, broadly similar, or like job. By requiring that the comparison be made between a man and a women holding the same, broadly similar, or like job, those formulating the legislation greatly limited the field of jobs to which the laws applied; the laws did not address the wage disparities resulting from the high degree of occupational segregation found throughout the world (OECD, 1988).
Although many of the laws require that all jobs comply with the provisions of the laws, upon examination we find that some of the individual laws include exemptions for certain jobs. These exemptions are due to the existence of gender-dominated occupations as well as other forces, such as government or union influence. In the construction of this scale, it is assumed that laws addressing equality for all men and women are less focused on the female problem of wage inequality and are therefore considered lower on the scale of women’s issues.