By Yoshiaki Nishida, Ann Waswo

Rural Japan throughout the 20th century has been portrayed as an unlimited reservoir of conservatism in a lot of the literature on Japan's smooth improvement, and eastern agriculture because the Nineteen Sixties has been taken care of as a synthetic production sustained in basic terms by way of protectionism of the worst style. This publication provides various unique, in-depth paintings, together with paintings via jap students, that seeks to maneuver past such stereotypes to bare the variety and complexities of rural lifestyles in Japan from 1900 to the current.

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Life in Koshin, too, became increasingly troubled after 1970, with ‘disharmony in the hamlet’ (buraku no fuwa) surfacing early on and proving well-nigh impossible to resolve. Here, too, the main source of the problem was development. In 1970 itself, 15 local farmers who had withdrawn from the reclamation association back in 1956 because they Change in twentieth-century rural Japan 35 1111 2111 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2111 objected to the costs they were expected to bear now insisted that as reclamation had ceased and property development begun they were entitled to their share of the proceeds from the sale of a communal asset, a position with which those who had stuck with the association as its purpose changed from reclamation to development did not agree.

But it was decided that in this era of reduced rice output it made no sense and so the project was abandoned. The number of farmers in the hamlet who were dedicated to efforts to improve agriculture had already decreased, and, as mentioned in the Change in twentieth-century rural Japan 33 1111 2111 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 2111 preceding section, most farmers had been drawn to getting as high a price as possible from the sale of reclaimed marshland for urban development, expecting that the value of their own land would increase as a result.

The first was in 1941, when residents of the most densely populated lower ward of the hamlet demanded that their ward be divided into two, with each given the same quotas for deliveries of rice and receipt of rationed goods as the other wards. Protests from some of the wealthier residents elsewhere in the hamlet that this would ‘divide the community’ caused delay, but the reform was implemented in 1942, leading to a better deal for the many tenant farmer households in the original lower ward and more equitable burden-sharing among all households in the hamlet.

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