By Rufino  - Blanco Fombona

Ensayos históricos. Rufino Blanco-Fombona. Biblioteca Ayacucho. Colección clásicos. Número 36.

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Additional info for Ensayos Históricos (nº 36)

Sample text

While the adjective expresses senses that are congruent with its contexts of usage outside the construction, the verb does not necessarily do so; what the verb canonically means may not always play a determinant role in the meaning conveyed through their usage as verbs of ‘becoming’ (Eddington 1999; 2002; Bybee & Eddington 2006). As constructions are holistic, their meaning may be motivated by the component parts but is not entirely computable from them (Lakoff 1987:465). At the same time, highly routinized constructions, such as prefabs, may retain some of the older meaning or distribution of the original construction (Bybee & Cacoullos 2008).

Furthermore, there are different trends of category development: some become highly focused on a central member, as in the solo clusters illustrated above (and in Chapter 5). A category may evolve based on the similarity of opposite types, as in the rico / pobre clusters (Chapter 6). Others may be less focused and go from one central member to another over time as in the alegre / satisfecho ‘happy / satisfied’ clusters (Chapter 7). One of the central positions of this study is that a domain-general framework, such as the exemplar model, best explains the formation and ongoing productivity of these observed semantic categories and provides insight into the way that constructions emerge and gain in productivity.

Instead, it remains “semantically compositional and fully analyzable”. 2 Usage-Based Analysis As mentioned above, the analysis here draws upon a variety of disciplines that work together cohesively. The usage-based framework itself is a general one that encompasses different types of analysis. All of these more specific methods of inquiry are complementary in conducting research in a usagebased framework. The unifying tenets of usage-based theory are that language use takes place in the realm of social human behavior, and that in order to understand the cognitive organization of language, researchers must draw on evidence from natural usage of language by speakers (Bybee 2010; Beckner et al.

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