By J. Ranganathan, K. Bennett, C. Raudsepp-Hearne, N. Lucas, F. Irwin, M. Zurek, N. Ash, P. West

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An analysis across spatial Given the likely diversity of participants and viewpoints in and temporal scales is likely to identify issues lost in the usual development projects and policy making, it is important to linear framework of project decisions, thereby leading to more build channels for effective participation. This section describes robust conclusions. 3 Fish Landings of North Atlantic Cod off Newfoundland to include multiple spatial and temporal scales in a decisionmaking process, this approach 900 000 is crucial to obtaining a more complete view of the conse800 000 quences of a decision on ecosystem services and, as a result, on human well-being and de700 000 velopment goals.

Examples include a decision that consumes or replenishes 30 percent of the fresh water in a watershed, one that consumes or supplies 35 percent of a nation’s wood fiber or one that is solely responsible for clearing or restoring native grasslands valued for biodiversity and associated cultural services. There are no hard and fast rules for defining what constitutes a “large share”. Decision makers will need to use their own or expert judgment regarding the size of impact relative to the appropriate spatial scale for the ecosystem service.

People who derive ethical or existence value from knowing that a rare species is protected). In addition, they may be present or future users of the service. Governments and civil society, for example, often act in the interests of current or future generations. 2 Issues to Think about When Gathering and Assessing Ecosystem Services Data Keeping the assessment affordable If a full-blown multi-scale participatory assessment can’t be funded, a limited analysis of the selected ecosystem services can still be valuable.

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