By P. R. de Jong, J. M. Aarts
One of many extra outstanding facets of the Dutch Welfare country is its obvious trouble in controlling the variety of move recipients. a chief instance of this administration challenge is the incapacity assurance software. This monograph offers a radical research of the behavioral responses of staff and corporations to this beneficiant incapacity scheme. the guts of the examine is the empirical half in accordance with a wealthy information set of people who observe for advantages and people who don't. the knowledge derive either from self-reports in addition to clinical and vocational specialist reviews. Combining features of well-being economics, clinical sociology and econometric method, the authors may be able to show the elaborate causalities that underlie the incapacity strategy.
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Additional info for Economic aspects of disability behavior
Female parttime work is a wide spread phenomenon in the Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries. With 55 percent of all Dutch participating women working parttime, as opposed to for instance, 30 percent in Germany or 26 percent in the United Kingdom, the adjusted Dutch 1990 female participation rate would reduce to about 33 percent. In 1987, in an EC ranking based on actual work hours instead of working persons, Dutch female labor force participation amounted to no more than 26 percent. Only Spanish females put in less market hours (24 percent).
Source: Tweede Kamer B (1991, p. 82). Distributional Aspects A comparative analysis of the impact of the tax-transfer system on the size distribu tion of income among a number OECD countries shows that cash transfers indeed play an important role in reducing income inequality by providing income support to the lowest income households [Saunders & Klau (1985, pp. 6 In the Netherlands too, the system of transfers to and from government and social insurance funds reduces income inequality. 270. Social security transfers alone reduce the Gini by 37 percent [Odink (1983)].
This legal provision is usually referred to as the "labor market consideration" ("Verdiscontering van werkloosheid") in the AAW- and WAO-programs. In daily practice, however, proper application of this provision turned out to be impossible for the two assessment problems mentioned above. As of 1973, this administrative problem was solved by coarsely assuming that poor employment opportunities result from discriminatory behavior, unless the contrary can be proven. As a rule, the ensuing administration practice was equally coarse; partially disabled applicants were treated as if they were fully disabled.