By The Ontario City Library

George and William Chaffey, immigrants from Canada, based a version colony in Southern California in 1882. They named their cost Ontario, from an Iroquois time period that means appealing water, not just to pay homage to their domestic province yet to additionally draw different Canadians to their colony. using forward-thinking irrigation practices, the brothers laid out plots of land prepared for colonists who desired to farm or bring up citrus groves. After simply 4 years, the brothers left for Australia to advance extra settlements and handed their version colony directly to Charles Frankish and his companions of the Ontario Land and development corporation. From its earliest days, the colony turned recognized for its citrus groves, Armstrong roses, Graber olives, Guasti grapes, and the Hotpoint iron. This booklet, such as approximately two hundred photos, makes a speciality of the colonys early improvement.

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Butterfield joined the business shortly thereafter. The packinghouse was located in a former livery stable on the southeast corner of Euclid Avenue and Main Street, which later became the Hotpoint plant. Mitchell and Butterfield sold fruit grown by local ranchers for $2 a box and paid $30 a month in rent for the building. The packinghouse moved to East Main Street by 1904 and was in business until 1907. 45 The Claremont Fruit Exchange was one of the first successful fruit exchanges in Southern California and served as a model for future exchanges.

The company is noted for its long-held independence, as it was not affiliated with cooperatives such as Sunkist until recent years. The company moved to Northern California in 2001, but continues to sell premium-grown citrus to small international markets. H. Kruse Milling. 47 Besides the direct financial benefit of growing citrus, citrus fairs offered an opportunity to publicly boast of the region’s economic health and vitality, which in turn often attracted more settlers to the region. A prime example of an exhibit combining citrus with unique aspects of the Ontario community is this gravity mule car display from the 1893 Los Angeles and Chicago Citrus Fair.

The Ontario-Cucamonga Fruit Exchange, also known as the O-K Fruit Exchange, represented several local fruit associations, including the Ontario Fruit Exchange, the Upland Citrus Association, the Cucamonga Citrus Fruit and Growers Association, and the Citrus Fruit Association. The latter, based in Ontario, packed the Special Bear brand of fancy-grade oranges and lemons, as seen on the labels in this photograph. 46 The advent of citrus growers’ associations brought more and more opportunity. Packinghouses popped up throughout the area and employed men, women, and sometimes even children during harvest time.

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