By S. Culley

This can be the second one of 4 books as a result of the contributions to the thirteenth overseas convention on Engineering layout (ICED 01). The subject for this 12 months is "Unifying Engineering examine - development a Partnership among study and Industry".

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Extra info for Design Management: Process and Information Issues (Iced) (Issues v)

Example text

We don't have deeply investigated the different types of annotation. Our proposition is to offer a toolbox to the actors. They have to define themselves the relevant type co-operation feature. 4 Conclusions The concepts developed in the MICA-GRAPH tool have to be improved in design practices. The aim is not to suppress synchronous interactions but to complete the offer of asynchronous communications tools for design activities. Engineering design needs visual representations: structured (like CAD models) and non structured (like sketches).

3 Towards a communication tool MICA GRAPH The first quality of a sketching device for designer seems to allow fast freehand sketch. Previous studies have highlighted that the cognitive tasks of manipulating the sketching tool have to be minimised [14]. Even if we can expect that the actors will learn the tool. That is why the tool is based on a simple blackboard technic and uses a digital table with an electronic pen. Indeed, when the designer needs formal drawing he will mainly use CAD or Structured information tools.

In the example shown, document 165 is relevant to the user's query but not similar to the other documents, therefore potentially indicating different information needs. For this document set, we found that an angle of 71o between documents provided an adequate measurement of similarity. Based on the set of similar documents, we computed the centroid. Figure 2. One User's Information Needs Finally, we generated the XML documents to express the information needs. Portions of an XML document are illustrated in Figure 3.

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