By Charles F. Brower

This publication argues that American strategists within the Joint Chiefs of employees have been keenly conscious of the inseparability of political and army elements of technique within the struggle opposed to Japan in global conflict II. They understood that struggle not just has political assets, it additionally has political reasons that determine the war's targets and support to outline the character of the peace to persist with. They understood that coverage was once the 'guiding intelligence' for battle, in Clausewitzian phrases, and that to aim to process strategic difficulties was once nonsensical.

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Additional info for Defeating Japan: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and Strategy in the Pacific War, 1943–1945

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But American arguments indicated that they viewed the problem in a far more sophisticated way. 72 The result was a compromise vague enough to satisfy both parties. While the “first priority” would go to “building up and increasing of the air route to China to a capacity of 10,000 tons per month by early fall,” the CCS agreed to begin “vigorous and aggressive land and air operations” into Burma “as an essential step towards the opening of the Burma Road,” to conduct limited amphibious operations along the Arakan coast, and to interrupt Japanese sea communication to Burma.

In a ninety-minute meeting the next morning, the British Chiefs grappled with how to counter the American arguments. ”70 The Americans proceeded as anticipated, insisting on a three-phase offensive involving an advance into upper Burma, amphibious operations along the Arakan coast, and an overland advance through the Arakan Range to establish positions for operations against Rangoon. ” Lack of action in Burma threatened more than the need to maintain China in the war; it raised the need for American strategy to produce incremental dividends to placate a 34 DEFEATING JAPAN restless public.

For planning purposes, the Joint Staff Planners (JSP) assumed that Germany would be defeated in the autumn of 1944 and stressed that operations against Japan in 1943–44 must position the Allies for speedy and decisive operations following Germany’s defeat. To encourage a quickening of the pace in Pacific operations, they gave priority to operations in 1943–44 and tasked the JWPC to develop before the next conference outline plans for Burma, the Marshall and Caroline Islands, and New Guinea. The JSP reaffirmed the 42 DEFEATING JAPAN vital importance of maintaining China in the war and emphasized that operations for the recapture of Burma took priority over operations in the Sumatra-Malaya area.

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