By Keith Hopkins

The large dimension of the Roman empire and the size of time it continued demand an figuring out of the associations which sustained it. during this booklet, Keith Hopkins, who's either classicist and sociologist, makes use of a variety of sociological innovations and strategies to achieve new insights into how conventional Roman associations replaced because the Romans bought their empire. He examines the chain reactions as a result of elevated wealth; numerous elements of slavery, specially manumission and the price of freedom; the curious phenomenon of the political energy wielded by means of eunuchs at courtroom; and within the ultimate bankruptcy he discusses the Roman emperor's divinity and the flow of unfaithful tales, that have been a foreign money of the political process. Professor Hopkins has constructed a thrilling method of social questions in antiquity and his ebook might be of curiosity to all scholars of historic background and of historic sociology.

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Extra resources for Conquerors and Slaves (Sociological Studies in Roman History, Vol. 1)

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300, 2,500, 4,000, 6,000); 4,000 a d u l t m a l e colonists w o u l d i n v o l v e a t o t a l i n i t i a l p o p u l a t i o n o f a b o u t 13,000 m e n , w o m e n a n d c h i l d r e n , w h i c h seems t o o h i g h . Y e t at a c o n s e r v a t i v e estimate, t h e flow o f e m i g r a n t s t o these f o r t y I t a l i a n colonies m u s t h a v e e x c e e d e d o n e h u n d r e d t h o u s a n d a n d m a y have r e a c h e d a q u a r t e r o f a m i l l i o n men, women and children.

This reciprocity i n t h e c l i e n t - p a t r o n r e l a t i o n s h i p fits v e r y w e l l w i t h m y view t h a t a l m o s t a l l citizens i n e a r l y R o m e o w n e d some l a n d . H o w e v e r , w e s h o u l d be c a u t i o u s a b o u t a c c e p t i n g a n idealised p o r t r a i t o f c l i e n t s h i p ; s i m i l a r ideals i n J a p a n , f o r e x a m p l e , have m a s k e d c o n s i d e r a b l e e x p l o i t a t i o n . I t seems l i k e l y t h a t c l i e n t s h i p s i g n i f i c a n d y r e s t r i c t e d t h e i n d e p e n d e n c e o f some y e o m e n .

T o s i m p l i f y o u r task, w e shall m a k e t w o assumptions* T h e s e a s s u m p t i o n s , l i k e several w h i c h f o l l o w , a r e o b v i o u s l y speculative, b u t t h e y d o h e l p us g a i n a clearer perspective o f t h e R o m a n e c o n o m y . O n e easy c h e c k o n t h e i r p l a u s i b i l i t y is t o t h i n k o f t h e consequences o f a l t e r n a t i v e a s u m p t i o n s . F i r s t , let us assume t h a t f o u r fifths o f the Italian a n d provincial l a b o u r force were p r i m a r i l y engaged irt p r o d u c i n g f o o d ( I t h i n k t h e r e a l figure was p r o b a b l y h i g h e r ) .

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