By David Brodzinsky
Targeting developmental and scientific matters in kid's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this quantity with an summary of old and modern views, then discover numerous theories that experience addressed the problem of mental chance linked to adoption.
Following a assessment of empirical learn on elements that effect the adjustment method, the authors talk about kinds of adoption, study methodological difficulties, and talk about medical and evaluate concerns that more often than not come up in paintings with adoptees and their households.
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Extra info for Children's Adjustment to Adoption: Developmental and Clinical Issues
1990; Weiss, 1985). , 1986). , hyperactivity, aggression, oppositionalism, substance abuse) among adopted children and youth, the results are not consistent across studies, perhaps because of sampling and methodological differences. Psychological Characteristics of Adopted Children in Community Settings Because of the limitations in generalizing from clinical studies, a growing number of researchers have examined psychological and behavioral characteristics, and patterns of development, in adopted and nonadopted children from community-based samples.
At 5 years of age, adopted children were rated by researchers, but not by parents, as more fearful, less confident, and less task-motivated than nonadopted children. Problems in adjustment among adoptees, as measured by children's self-reports and teacher reports, but not parent reports, became even more apparent during middle childhood. When the teenagers were between 15 and 18 years, however, no differences between Infant-Place d Adopte d Childre n 43 adoptees and nonadoptees were found for identity development and selfimage.
On the other hand, it was the youngest children who were most likely to experience intrusive thoughts about being adopted. These researchers also reported that negative and ambivalent feelings about adoption were positively correlated with both cognitive and behavioral avoidant coping strategies, whereas children's intrusive thoughts about adoption were associated with more approach coping behavior such as problem solving and 20 CHILDREN'S ADJUSTMENT TO ADOPTION assistance seeking. In a second study, Smith and Brodzinsky (1997) examined how 8- to 12-year-old adopted children appraised, coped with, and adjusted to the loss of their birth parents.